online QDA logo - Home Page



Bookmark and Share



Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Developed by Jonathon Smith. See e.g.

Book icon Smith, J.A. (ed) (2003) Qualitative Psychology: A practical guide to research methods. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage.

Grounded Theory

Grounded Theory is an inductive form of qualitative research where data collection and analysis are conducted together. Developed originally by Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss. See e.g.

Book icon Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago: Aldine. The original text on the grounded theory approach.

Later developments by Strauss and Corbin and Kathy Charmaz, e.g.

Book icon Strauss, A.L. and Corbin, J. (1998) Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for developing Grounded Theory. (2nd. ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage. Good, clear, step-by-step introduction to the interpretivist version of grounded theory.

Book icon Charmaz, K. (2006) Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage.

See also: Grounded Theory

Template Analysis

Template Analysis. Developed by Nigel King and others.

See e.g.

Book icon King, N (2004) Using templates in the thematic analysis of text, in C.Cassell and G.Symon (Eds.) Essential Guide to Qualitative Methods in Organizational Research. London: Sage.

Framework Analysis

Book icon Ritchie, J. and Lewis, J. (eds) (2003) Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers, Sage Publications, London.

See also:Framework analysis

Matrix analysis

An analytic approach that uses tables and crosstabulations to display summaries of data representing different codes or dimensions with a theme. Very good at supporting cross case and cross-time comparisons.


Book icon Miles, M.B. and Huberman, A.M. (1994) Qualitative data analysis: a sourcebook of new methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Template Analysis compared with other coding approaches

Authors of this page:Dawn Clarke and Graham R. Gibbs

Affiliation: University of Huddersfield

Date written: 27th November 2008




Learning outcomes

  1. Learn what Template Analysis has in common with other thematic approaches to qualitative analysis.
  2. Understand that Template Analysis can deal best with a middle range of sample sizes whilst still supporting between cases analysis.


Template Analysis is like many other qualitative analysis approaches in that it involves developing thematic codes and using these to code text. Such thematic approaches include Grounded Theory and Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, Framework Analysis and Matrix Analysis.


Loudspeaker iconiPhone friendly version of the videoNigel King discusses what kind of data sets are best analysed with Template Analysis:


Creative Commons License
The resources on this site by Graham R Gibbs, Dawn Clarke, Celia Taylor, Christina Silver and Ann Lewins are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.


Case ContentsNext section   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10   Back to overview