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List of resources

Please let us know if you are aware of any resources you think we should add to this list. It would be even better if you would contribute a review of the resource (of a book or of a website) along with the suggestion. We will give you full credit for any contribution you make. See the Contribute Materials page.

List of contents

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Symbols

Book symbol Book
Website symbol Website/Electronic resource
Discussion list symbol Discussion forums
Journal symbol Journal
Electronic journal symbol Electronic journal
pdf icon PDF document
Movie icon Video

A

Action Research

Starting points


Website symbol Action Research Resources. A Web site at Southern Cross University (Australia) pointing to a number of action research Web resources, including: research mailing lists; an on-line course in action research; a full-text electronic journal; action research theses and dissertations (full-text and abstracts) and a collection of resource files on action research and related topics.  
http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/gcm/ar/arhome.html

Website symbol Dick, B. (1999) What is action research?
Available online at: http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/gcm/ar/whatisar.html

Website symbol Masters, J. (1995) The History of Action Research, Action Research Electronic Reader.
Available online at: http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/gcm/ar/arr/arow/rmasters.html

A beginner's guide to action research

Website symbol http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/gcm/ar/arp/guide.htm

Website symbol Action Research in Initial Teacher Education, by Moira Laidlaw
This Guide aims to give practical advice to student teachers who wish to embark on an Action Research enquiry. It is divided into four sections; the first is a guide to those aspects which need to be borne in mind throughout the enquiry; the second deals with individual aspects of the research; the third looks at a quality which always emerges with Action Research, that of collaboration; and the fourth constitutes some reflections by a P.G.C.E. student, Jonathan Jones (1990/91) about the process of working with Action Research. The guide is downloadable in four files in Rich Text Format.
http://www.bath.ac.uk/~edsajw/preserve.shtml

Website symbol Action Research in Teacher Education
The home Web page for the University of Cambridge's Action Research in Teacher Education (ARTE) project. 'Action Research in Teacher Education is a partnership project between the University of Cambridge Faculty of Education and three secondary schools in East Anglia. It is the English branch of an international project involving higher education institutions and teachers from Holland, the USA and Russia. The purpose of the research is to investigate, with teachers and students, the emotional and social dimensions of teaching and learning. At the same time, the project is concerned with teacher development in schools through action research involving partnership with higher education.' The page provides links to further information about the project, a contact list, details of participants in the UK and abroad and to the research itself.
http://www.educ.cam.ac.uk:16080/arte/

Website symbol Centre for Applied Research in Education
The website for the Centre for Applied Research in Education, part of the School of Education and Professional Development at the University of East Anglia, gives details of the Centre's research (variously including, in many cases, project outlines, summary and full text reports), publications, seminars and degree programmes. Links are provided to further sites relevant to educational research, including sites on action research. The Centre itself aims to foster field-based enquiry to improve educational policy and practice at all levels. It is international in its scope. Specifically, its Enquiry Learning Unit engages in explorations of professional work across all sectors.
http://www.uea.ac.uk/care/

Website symbol Social and Organisational Learning as Action Research
The Web site of the Social and Organisational Learning as Action Research (SOLAR), an inter-disciplinary research and development team based at the University of the West of England. SOLAR specialise in new forms of action research and co-inquiry to support learning and change in complex social and organisational systems. Includes details on the project portfolio and PhD programme, newsletter, underpinning principles and action learning, and inquiry resource links.  
http://www.uwe.ac.uk/solar/

Website symbol Centre for Action Research in Professional Practice
Based at the University of Bath. The research interest of the Center is concerned with “approaches to action research which integrate action and reflection, so that the knowledge gained in the inquiry is directly relevant to the issues being studied; and in which there is increased collaboration between all those involved in the inquiry.”  
http://www.bath.ac.uk/carpp/carpp.htm

Journal symbol Action Research
A quarterly refereed journal published by Sage. Action Research is international and interdisciplinary and acts as a forum for the development of the theory and practice of action research. The aim of the journal is to offer a viable alternative to dominant 'disinterested' models of social science, one that is relevant to people in the conduct of their lives, their organizations and their communities. The journal publishes articles on accounts of action research projects, explorations in the philosophy and methodology of action research, and considerations of the nature of quality in action research practice. The journal web site provides information about subscribing to the journal and submitting articles for inclusion in the journal as well as tables of contents for all journal issues.  
http://www.sagepub.com/journal.aspx?pid=352

Journal symbol Educational Action Research
A refereed international journal published three times a year by Triangle Journals in the UK. It publishes a wide range of articles in action research and related studies, aiming to explore both educational research and practice. Tables of contents and abstracts of the articles are available from the Web site in html format. The Web site also has editorial information, subscription details and instructions for authors.  
http://www.triangle.co.uk/ear/

Book symbol Argyris, C., Putnam, R. and McLain Smith, D. (1985). Action science: concepts, methods and skills for research and intervention. San Francisco, Ca.: Jossey-Bass.

Book symbol Argyris, C. (1993). Knowledge for Action: A Guide to Overcoming Barriers to Organisational Change. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Book symbol Carr, Wilfred and Stephen Kemmis. (1986). Becoming Critical: Education Knowledge and Action Research. London: Falmer Press.

Book symbol Heron, John. (Sept. 1996). Co-operative Inquiry: research into the human condition. Sage Publications.
This is the first book to provide a comprehensive account of co-operative inquiry: a way of doing research with people where the roles of researcher and subject are integrated. Co-operative inquiry is a distinctive and wide-ranging form of participative research in which people use the full range of their sensibilities to inquire together into any aspect of the human condition. This book offers both an extensive exploration of its theoretical background and a detailed practical guide to the methods involved. Topics covered include: a critique of established research techniques; the underlying participative paradigm of co-operative inquiry; the epistemological and political aspects of participation; different types of co-operative inquiry and the range of inquiry topics; ways of setting up inquiry groups and enabling their development; four kinds of inquiry outcome and the primacy of the practical; the main stages of the inquiry cycle, highlighting key issues for practice at each stage; special skills and procedures used for enhancing validity.

Book symbol Ladkin, D. (2004) 'Action Research', in C. F. Seale, G. Gobo, J. F. Gubrium and D. Silverman (eds), Qualitative Research Practice. London: Sage. pp. 536-548.


Book symbol Oja, S. N. and Smuljan, O. (1989). Collaborative Action Research: A Developmental Approach. London: Falmer Press.

Book symbol Reason, Peter and Bradbury, Hilary (eds) (2001) Handbook of Action Research: Participative Inquiry and Practice. London: Sage.

Book symbol Whyte, W. F. (ed) (1991). Participatory Action Research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Book symbol Stringe, E (2004) Action Research : a Handbook for Practitioners 2 ed. London: Sage. Community-based action research seeks to involve as active participants those who have traditionally been called subjects This book provides a a simple but highly effective model for approaching action research The author describes a simple and effective model for approaching action research: Look - building a picture and gathering information; Think - interpreting and explaining; Act - resolving issues and problems-This revised edition contains summaries which provide a practical checklist for researchers and an appendix of electronic resources. Pbk p 0761917136 568 (SI)

Website symbol Dick, B. (1999) What is action research?
Available online at: http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/gcm/ar/whatisar.html

Website symbol Masters, J. (1995) The History of Action Research, Action Research Electronic Reader.
Available online at: http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/gcm/ar/arr/arow/rmasters.html

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Analytic Induction

Book symbol Znaniecki, F. (1934). The method of sociology. New York: Farrar & Rinehart. This is the original work that uses analytic induction.

Journal symbol Becker, Howard S. 1953 “Becoming a Marihuana User.” American Journal of Sociology 59:235-243. A classic study that used analytic induction.

pdf icon Ratcliff, Donald E. (1994) Analytic Induction as a Qualitative Research Method of Analysis

Website symbol Jack Katz (2001) "Analytic Induction," in Smelser and Baltes, (eds) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. (PDF, 26 KB)

http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/soc/faculty/katz/pubs/Analytic_Induction.pdf

Book symbol Robson, C. (1993) Real World Research: A Resource for Social Scientists and Practitioner-Researchers. Oxford, UK & Cambridge, USA: Basil Blackwell. A general text, but Chapter 12 contains a useful discussion of the structured approach, including analytic induction. You will need to get hold of the first edition to find this though. In the second edition, Robson revised this chapter and removed most of the discussion on analytic induction.

Journal symbol Book symbol Robinson, W.S. (1951) 'The logical structure of analytic induction', American Sociological Review, 16: 812-18. Reprinted in: Gomm, R., Hammersley, M. and Foster, P. (eds) (2000) Case Study Method: Key Issues, Key Texts. London: Sage. pp. 187-195. The classic critique of analytic induction.

Book symbol Hammersley, Martyn. (1990). The Dilemma of Qualitative Method: Herbert Blumer and the Chicago Tradition. New edition. London: Routledge.   See esp. chapters 7 and 8.

Book symbol Hammersley, Martyn. (2008) Questioning Qualitative Inquiry: Critical Essays. London: Sage Publications Ltd. See Chapter 4 "The Critical Case of Analytic Induction', pp. 69-88.

movie icon Video of a lecture on Analytic Induction by Graham R Gibbs of the University of Huddersfield.

Journal symbol Hammersley, M. (2010) 'Aristotelian or Galileian? On a Puzzle about the Philosophical Sources of Analytic Induction', Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 40(4), pp 393-409.

Electronic journal symbol Hammersley, Martyn and Andersen, Kurt (2008) Grounded Theory and Analytic Induction: Background reading. In: NCRM Research Methods Festival 2008. (Unpublished)

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Archiving qualitative data

Electronic journal symbol Corti, L, Foster, J and Thompson, P. (1995) Archiving qualitative research data. Social Research Update (10). URL: http://www.soc.surrey.ac.uk/sru/sru.html

Journal symbol Corti, L, Foster, J and Thompson, P (1996) “The need for a qualitative data archival policy (Reprinted from Qualitative Health Research, vol 6, pg 135, 1996)” Qualitative Health Research, Vol.6, 1, pp. 135-139.

Book symbol Hill, M R (1993) Archival Strategies and Techniques  Sage, Newbury Park, London

Journal symbol Hinds, P S, Vogel, R J and Clarke Steffen, L. (1997) The possibilities and pitfalls of doing a secondary analysis of a qualitative data set. Qualitative Health Research, 7(3), pp. 408-424.

Journal symbol Jensen, L A and Allen, M N. (1996) Meta-synthesis of qualitative findings. Qualitative Health Research, 6(4), pp. 553-560.

Website symbol ESDS Qualidata is a specialist service of the ESDS led by the UK Data Archive (UKDA) at the University of Essex. The service provides access and support for a range of social science qualitative datasets, promoting and facilitating increased and more effective use of data in research, learning and teaching. Data are typically acquired via the ESRC Datasets Policy that requires all research grant award holders to offer data collected during the course of their research for preservation and sharing through the ESDS.

Electronic journal symbol FQS Special Issue Qualitative Archives and Biographical Research Methods

Electronic journal symbol FQS Special Issue Text . Archive . Re-Analysis

Electronic journal symbol FQS Special Issue Secondary Analysis of Qualitative Data

 

Audio Recordings

Book symbol Branley, D. (2004) Making and Managing Audio Recordings, In Clive Seale (ed) Researching Society and Culture (2nd edition), London: Sage, pp 207-223

Electronic journal symbol Stockdale, A. (2003) Tools for Digital Audio Recording in Qualitative Research Social Research Update Issue 38 Department of Sociology, University of Surrey

Website symbol Stockdale, A. (2003) An Approach to Recording, Transcribing, and Preparing Audio Data for Qualitative Data Analysis Education Development Center, Inc.

pdf icon Dresing, Thorsten/Pehl, Thorsten/Schmieder, Christian (2012): Manual (on) Transcription. Transcription Conventions, Software Guides and Practical Hints for Qualitative Researchers. 1st English edition. Marburg Available Online: http://www.audiotranskription.de/english/transcription-practicalguide.htm (Access: 12/4/2012). Contains soem discussion of the technical issues of audio recording.

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B

Biographical Research

Book symbol Denzin, N.K. (1989), Interpretive Biography, Newbury Park, London: Sage. Short introduction by one of the originators of biographical approaches in social sciences.

Book symbol Roberts, B. (2001) Biographical Research. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Book symbol Wengraf, T. (2001) Qualitative Research Interviewing: Biographic Narratives and Semi-structured Methods, Sage Publications, London.

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C

Case study, Structured approaches

 

Book symbol Bromley, D B (1986) The case-study method in psychology and related disciplines, Chichester: Wiley.

Book symbol Hamel, J, Dufour, S and Fortin, D (1993) Case Study Methods. London: Sage.

Book symbol Kidder, L H (1981) “Qualitative research and quasi-experimental frameworks” in M. B. Brewer and B. E. Collins (eds.) (1981) Scientific Enquiry and the Social Sciences, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, pp.

Book symbol Robson, C. (1993) Real World Research: A Resource for Social Scientists and Practitioner-Researchers, Oxford: Blackwell. See chapter 12.

Book symbol Stake, R (1994) “Case studies” in N. K. Denzin and Y. S. Lincoln (eds.) (1994) Handbook of qualitative research, Thousand Oaks, Ca: Sage, pp. 236-247.

Book symbol Stake, R. (1995) The art of case study research, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Yin, R (1994) Case study research: Design and methods, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. See esp. Ch. 5. A short book but with useful chapters on analysis.

Book symbol Gomm, R., Hammersley, M. and Foster, P. (eds) (2000) Case Study Method: Key Issues, Key Texts. London: Sage.

Book symbol George, Alexander L. and Bennett, Andrew (2005) Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences. Cambridge, MA:MIT Press. ISBN-13: 978-0-262-57222-4

Journal symbol Mitchell, C. (1983) Case and Situation Analysis, Sociological Review, 31: 187 – 211. The definitive paper on Situational Analysis which can be compared to van Velson on the extended case method.

Journal symbol Van Velson, J. (1967) The Extended Case Method and Situational Analysis in Epstein, A. L., 1967, The Craft of Anthropology, London: Tavistock.


Website symbol Focusing on the Case in Quantitative and Qualitative Research. This website introduces an approach to social science data analysis for both qualitative and quantitative data, where the focus of the analysis is the ‘case' and the key analytical tool is comparison. The case may be a person, an organisation or a community. The site tackles methodological questions and provides a practical introduction to the use of computer software to assist in comparative analysis.

Movie icon Using a case study approach to analyse data. Vanessa May, July 2010, 2:49 minutes
In these clips, Vanessa May talks about her experience of analysing data from a life story archive for a project on lone motherhood. Her initial plan for analysing the data was to do a thematic (cross-sectional) analysis, but in the end a case by case analysis worked better, opening up a different way of conceptualising lone motherhood which gave a richer understanding of lived experience. From Realities: qualitative and mixed methods @ the Morgan Centre, University of Manchester.

Movie icon First of seven videos onYouTube logo of a talk by Alan Bryman on Case Study Research. Up to 15 mins each, a total of 1 hour 34 mins.

Movie icon Video of a lecture by Karen Sykes, University of Manchester on The case study method in anthropology. (about 38 mins with slides).

See also

Resources on Qualitative Comparative Analysis and case studies.

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Content Analysis

Book symbol Berelson B. (1952) Content Analysis in Communication Research. Glencoe, IL: Free Press, 1952.

Book symbol Budd, R. W., Thorp R. K., and Donohew, L. (1967) Content Analysis of Communications. New York: Macmillan.

Book symbol Carney, T. F. (1972) Content Analysis: A Technique for Systematic Inference from Communications. Winnepeg: University of Manitoba Press.

Book symbol Franzosi, R. P. (2004) From Words to Numbers: Narrative, Data, and Social Science. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Book symbol Gerbner, G., Holsti, O.R., Krippendorff, K., Paisley, W. and Stone, P. J. eds. (1969) The Analysis of Communication Content: Developments in Scientific Theories and Computer Techniques. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Book symbol Gottschalk, L. A. (1995) Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior: New Findings and Clinical Applications. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Book symbol Gottschalk, L. A., and Gleser, G. C. (1969) The Measurement of Psychological States Through the Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Book symbol Holsti, O. R.(1969) Content Analysis for the Social Sciences and Humanities. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Book symbol Krippendorff, K. (2004) Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology. 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sag

Book symbol Nissan, E, and Schmidt, K. eds. (1995) From Information to Knowledge: Conceptual and Content Analysis by Computer. London: Intellect.

Book symbol North, R. C., Holsti, O. R., Zaninovich, M.G. and Zinnes, D.A. (1963) Content Analysis: A Handbook with Applications for the Study of International Crisis. Chicago: Northwestern University Press.

Book symbol Neuendorf, K. A. (2002) The Content Analysis Guidebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Pool, Ithiel de Sola, ed. (1959) Trends in Content Analysis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Book symbol Popping, R. (2000) Computer-assisted Text Analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Roberts, C. W., ed. (1997) Text Analysis for the Social Sciences: Methods for Drawing Inferences from Texts and Transcripts. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Book symbol Rosengren, K. E. ed. (1981) Advances in Content Analysis. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Riffe, D. Lacy, S. and Fico, F.G. (2005) Analyzing Media Messages: Using Quantitative Content Analysis in Research. 2nd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Book symbol Smith, C. P., ed. (1992) Motivation and Personality: Handbook of Thematic Content Analysis. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Book symbol Stone, P. J., Dunphy, D. C., Smith, M. S. and Ogilvie, D. M. (1966) The General Inquirer: A Computer Approach to Content Analysis. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Book symbol Weber, R. P. (1990) Basic Content Analysis. 2nd ed. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Book symbol West, M. D., ed. (2001) Applications of Computer Content Analysis. Westport, CT: Ablex.

Book symbol West, M. D., ed. (2001) Theory, Method, and Practice in Computer Content Analysis. Westport, CT: Ablex.


Website symbol Content Analysis
http://www.lboro.ac.uk/research/mmethods/resources/links/ca.html

Website symbol Content analysis researchers at Univ. of Alabama
http://bama.ua.edu/~wevans/content/cchild_grey.htm

Discussion list symbol List serv CONTENT Internet mailing list
CONTENT welcomes discussion of the theoretical, methodological, and technological aspects of quantitative text and image analysis
http://bama.ua.edu/~wevans/content/cchild_grey.htm

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Conversation analysis

Starting points

Website symbol Antaki, C. (2005) An Introduction to Conversation Analysis
Available on line at: http://www-staff.lboro.ac.uk/~ssca1/intro1.htm

Book symbol Atkinson, J.M. and Heritage, J. (Eds.) (1984) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Book symbol Psathas, G (1994) Conversation Analysis : The Study of Talk-in-Interaction  Sage, Newbury Park, London

Book symbol Tannen, D (1986) Conversational Analysis. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Book symbol Wooffitt, R (1993) “Analysing Accounts” in N. Gilbert (Ed.) (1993) Researching Social Life. London: Sage, pp. 287-305.

movie icon There are several videos about conversation analysis and discourse analysis on the AIEMCA YouTube Channel. The ACECA, th Australian Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis, was formed in 2001 as a joint initiative of the Australian delegates at the July 2001 meetings of the International Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis in Manchester (UK).

YouTube logo The AIEMCA Channel

 

Other materials

pdf icon Forrester, M.A. (2002) How to do conversational analysis: a brief guide
Available on line at: http://www.kent.ac.uk/psychology/department/people/forresterma/c8MF.pdf

Website symbol Schegloff, E.A.
Available on line at: http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/soc/faculty/schegloff/

Website symbolAn  introductory online tutorial on CA transcription and analysis, by Charles Antaki:'He would welcome comments.

Website symbol http://www-staff.lboro.ac.uk/~ssca1/intro1.htm

Ethno/CA News

Website symbol Information on Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis also at: http://www2.fmg.uva.nl/emca (this is an older version)

Transcription in CA

Book symbol Atkinson, J. M., & Heritage, J. (1984).Transcript notation. In J. M. Atkinson & J. Heritage (Eds.), Structures of social action (pp. ix-xvi). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Book symbol DuBois, J.W., Schuetze-Coburn, S., Cumming, S., & Paolino, D. (1993). Outline of discourse transcription. In J. A.Edwards & M.D. Lampert (Eds.), Talking data:Transcription and coding in discourse research (pp. 45-90). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Book symbol Edwards, J. A. (1993). Principles and contrasting systems of discourse transcription. In J. A. Edwards & M. D. Lampert (Eds.), Talking data: Transcription and coding in discourse research (pp. 3-32). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Book symbol Edwards, J. A., & Lampert, M. D. (Eds.). (1993). Talking data: Transcription and coding in discourse research. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Book symbol Jefferson, G. (Ed.). (1992). Lectures on conversation (Vol. 1). Oxford,UK: Basil Blackwell.

Journal symbol Psathas, G. T., & Anderson, M. (1990). The “practices” of transcription in conversation analysis. Semiotica, 78, 75-99.

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Critical Realism

Critical realism is not so much a method of analysis than a philosophical approach. It is associated with Roy Bhaskar and combines a general philosophy of science (transcendental realism) with a philosophy of social science (critical naturalism) to describe an interface between the natural and social worlds. Critical realism has become an influential movement in British sociology and social science in general as a reaction to, and reconciliation of, postmodern and postcritical critiques.

Book symbol Archer, M., Bhaskar, R., Collier, A., Lawson, T. and Norrie, A., 1998, Critical Realism: Essential Readings, (London, Routledge).
Book symbol Bhaskar, R., 1975 [1997], A Realist Theory of Science: 2nd edition, (London, Verso).
Book symbol Bhaskar, R., 1998, The Possibility of Naturalism: A Philosophical Critique of the Contemporary Human Sciences: Third Edition, (London, Routledge)
Book symbol Bhaskar, R., 1993, Dialectic: The Pulse of Freedom, (London, Verso).
Book symbol Collier, A, 1994, Critical Realism: An Introduction to Roy Bhaskar's Philosophy, (London, Verso).
Book symbol Lopez, J. and Potter, G., 2001, After Postmodernism: An Introduction to Critical Realism, (London, The Athlone Press).
Book symbol Sayer, A. (1992) Method in Social Science: A Realist Approach, (London, Routledge)
Book symbol Sayer, A. (2000) Realism and Social Science, (London, Sage)

Website symbol The Website for Critical Realism (http://www.criticalrealism.com/index.php?sitesig=WSCR)

Website symbol and there is a useful introductory discussion of CR in the article on Postitivism and Post Positivism in the Research Methods Knowledge Base.

Book symbol Archer M. S., Bhaskar, R., Collier , A., Lawson, T., & Norrie, A. (eds) (1998) Critical Realism: Essential Readings, London: Routledge.

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D

Datasets

Website symbol ESDS Qualidata is a specialist service of the ESDS led by the UK Data Archive (UKDA) at the University of Essex. The service provides access and support for a range of social science qualitative datasets, promoting and facilitating increased and more effective use of data in research, learning and teaching.

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Diaries

Book symbol Alaszewski, Andrew M. 2006. Using Diaries for Social Research. London: Sage Publications Ltd.
Website symbol Louise Corti (1993) Using diaries in social research. Social Research Update 2. University of Surrey. [http://sru.soc.surrey.ac.uk/SRU2.html]

 

On time budget diaries see:

Journal symbol Gershuny, J.I. et al. (1986) 'Time Budgets: A preliminary analysis of a national survey' Quarterly Journal of Social Research, 2, 1
Journal symbol Harvey, A.S. (1990) Guidelines for Time Use Data Collection, Working paper No. 5, General Social Survey, Statistics Canada.
Book symbol Juster, T. & Stafford, F.P. (eds) (1985) Time, Goods and Well-being, Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
Book symbol Szalai, A. et al. (eds) (1972) The Use of Time, The Hague, Netherlands: Mouton.
Book symbol Sorokin, P.A. & Berger, C.Q. (1938) Time Budgets of Human Behaviour, Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

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Documents

Book symbol Prior, Lindsay. 2003. Using Documents in Social Research. London: Sage Publications Ltd.
Book symbol Rapley, Tim. 2008. Doing Conversation, Discourse and Document Analysis. Los Angeles ; London: SAGE Publications.
Book symbol Scott, John C. 1990. A Matter of Record: Documentary Sources in Social Research. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Book symbol Mcculloch, Gary. 2004. Documentary Research: In Education, History and the Social Sciences. New edition. London: Routledge.
Book symbol Hodson, Randy Dale (Editor) (1999) Analyzing Documentary Accounts, London: Sage Publications Ltd.

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Discourse Analysis

movie icon Video of a talk 'What is Discourse Analysis' by Stephanie Taylor of the Open University given at the 2010 ESRC Research Methods Festival. This both explains what Discourse Analysis is and give an example of the discourse of nations.

movie icon There are several videos about conversation analysis and discourse analysis on the AIEMCA YouTube Channel. The ACECA, th Australian Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis, was formed in 2001 as a joint initiative of the Australian delegates at the July 2001 meetings of the International Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis in Manchester (UK).

YouTube logo The AIEMCA Channel

Book symbol Coyle, A (1995) “Discourse Analysis” in G. Breakwell, S. Hammond and C. Fife-Shaw (Eds.) (1995) Research Methods in Psychology. London: Sage, pp. 243-258.

Book symbol Edwards, D. & Potter, J. (1992) Discursive Psychology, London: Sage.

pdf icon Hammersley, M. (2002) Discourse analysis: A Bibliographical Guide

and at discourseanalysis.blogchina.com/inc/20050120231555563641.pdf

Website symbol MacMillan, K. Discourse Analysis — A Primer
http://www.lboro.ac.uk/research/mmethods/resources/links/da_primer.html

Book symbol Potter, J. (1996): "Discourse Analysis and Constructionist Approaches: Theoretical Background" In: John T.E. Richardson (ed.): " Handbook of qualitative research methods for psychology and the social sciences," Leicester: BPS Books.

Book symbol Potter, J. and Wetherall, M. (1987) Discourse and Social Psychology: Beyond Attitudes and Behaviour. London: Sage.  On discourse analysis.

Website symbol Stembrouck, S. (2004) What is meant by "discourse analysis"?
http://bank.rug.ac.be/da/da.htm

Website symbol Tannen, D. Discourse Analysis.
http://www.lsadc.org/fields/index.php?aaa=discourse.htm

Book symbol Wodak, R & Meyer, M. (2001) Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Sage.

Book symbol Wodak, R (1996) Disorders of discourse. London: Longman

Book symbol Chouliaraki, Lilie & Fairclough, Norman 1999. Discourse in Late Modernity. Edinburgh:
Edinburgh University Press.

Electronic journal symbol Fairclough, Norman 2005. ‘Critical discourse analysis’, in: Marges Linguistiques 9 2005.
Available: http://www.ling.lancs.ac.uk/profiles/263.

pdf icon Glynos, Jason et.al 2009. ‘Discourse Analysis: Varieties and Methods’. ESRC National
Centre for Research Methods. Available:
http://eprints.ncrm.ac.uk/796/1/discourse_analysis_NCRM_014.pdf

pdf icon Howarth David & Glynos, Jason 2008. ‘Interpretations, Mechanisms, and Logics’.
Unpublished conference paper from 1st IDA World Conference, Roskilde University,
Denmark, 8-10 September 2008. Available:
http://magenta.ruc.dk/upload/application/pdf/f51d6748/Glynos_Howarth.pdf

Book symbol Howarth, David 2000. Discourse. Buckingham & Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Book symbol Howarth, David & Torfing, Jacob 2005 (eds.). Discourse Theory in European Politics.
Basingstoke: Palgrave McMillan.

Book symbol Jørgensen Winther, Marianne & Phillips, Louise 2002. Discourse Analysis as Theory and
Method
. London: Sage Publications.

Electronic journal symbol pdf icon Kendall, Gavin & Wodak, Ruth 2007. ‘What Is Critical Discourse Analysis? Ruth Wodak in
Conversation with Gavin Kendall’, in: Forum: Qualitative Sozialforschung, vol. 8, no. 2, art.
Available: http://www.ling.lancs.ac.uk/staff/wodak/interview.pdf and http://www.qualitative-research.net/fqs-texte/2-07/07-2-29-e.htm

Journal symbol Kipnis, Andrew 2003. ‘Post-marxism in a Post-Socialist Perspective’, in: Anthropological
Theory
, 3; 457.

Book symbol Laclau, Ernesto & Mouffe, Chantal 1985/2001. Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a
Radical Democratic Politics
. London: Verso, pp. vii-xix; 1-5; 93-193.

Book symbol Meyer, Michael & Wodak, Ruth 2001 (eds.). Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis.
London: SAGE Publications.

Journal symbol Norval, Aletta 2006. ‘Democratic Identification: A Wittgensteinian Approach’, in Political
Theory
, 34, No. 2.

Book symbol Wodak, Ruth & Krzyzanowski, Michal 2008. Qualitative Discourse Analysis in the Social
Sciences,
Basingstoke: Palgrave McMillan.

Book symbol Wodak, Ruth (ed.) 2009. The Discursive Construction of National Identity. Edinburgh:
Edinburgh University Press.

Journal symbol Žižek, Slavoj 1990. ‘Beyond Discourse Analysis’, appendix in: New Reflections on the
Revolution of Our Times
(ed. Ernesto Laclau). London & New York: Verso.

pdf icon Norrick, Neal R. (n.d.) Discourse Analysis – bibliography

Electronic journal symbol pdf icon Glynos, Jason and Howarth, David and Norval, Aletta and Speed, Ewen (2009) Discourse Analysis: varieties and methods. Discussion Paper. NCRM. (Unpublished)

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Domain Analysis

pdf icon Atkinson, Sarah and Abu el Hap, Mönika (1996) "How to do (or not to do)... Domain analysis for qualitative public health data" Health Policy and Planning; 11(4): 438-442 Oxford University Press 1996

Book symbol Bernard, H. Russell and Ryan, Gery W. (2010) Analyzing Qualitative Data: Systematic Approaches. Los Angeles: Sage. See Chapter 8.

Book symbol Spradley, J.P. (1972) Culture and Cognition: Rules, Maps and Plans. New York: Chandler Publishing Company.

Book symbol Spradley, J.P. (1979) The Ethnographic Interview. New York: Holt, Reinhart and Winston.

Electronic journal symbol Borgatti, Stephen P. (1999) 'Elicitation Techniques for Cultural Domain Analysis'. Chapter 1 in Schensul, Jean & Margaret Weeks (Eds.) 1999. The Ethnographic Toolkit. Sage Publications

pdf icon Borgatti, S.P. (1994) "Cultural Domain Analysis" Journal of Quantitative Anthropology, 1994

Website symbol Analytic Technologies - Publishes software for social network analysis and cultural domain analysis.
http://www.analytictech.com/extras/index.htm

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E

e-Research

Movie icon Video of a lecture by Peter Halfpenny (Univ. of Manchester) on What is e-Research? (About 23 mins with slides)

Journal symbol Peter Halfpenny and Rob Procter (2009) Editors, Special Issue of Social Science Computer Review, vol 24, no 4.
Journal symbol Peter Halfpenny, Rob Procter, Yu-Wei Lin and Alex Voss (2009) ‘Developing the UK-based e-Social Science Research Programme’, chapter 4 in Nicholas W Janowski, Editor, e-Research: Transformation in Scholarly Practice, New York, Routledge, pp.73-90.

See also Internet and Qualitative Research

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Ethics of research

Book symbol Finch, J. (1984). "It's great to have someone to talk to" Ethics and Politics of Interviewing Women. Social Researching: Politics, Problems, Practice. C. Bell and H. Roberts. London, Routledge: 70-87.

Book symbol Mauthner, M. L. (2002). Ethics in qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Punch, M. (1986). The politics and ethics of fieldwork. Beverly Hills; London, Sage Publications.

Journal symbol StPierre, E. A. (1997). "Circling the text: nomadic writing practices." Qualitative inquiry 3(4): 403-417.

Journal symbol Thorne, S. (1998). "Ethical and representational issues in qualitative secondary analysis." Qualitative Health Research 8(4): 547-555.

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Ethnography

Book symbol Atkinson, P. et al. (Eds.). (2001). Handbook of ethnography. London: Sage.

Book symbol Brewer, J.D. (2000) Ethnography. Buckingham: Open University Press. A recent text with discussion of ethnographic analysis

Book symbol Fetterman, D. (1998). Ethnographv step by step (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Grills, S. (Ed.). (l998). Doing ethnographic research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Hammersley, M. and Atkinson, P. (1983) Ethnography: Principles in Practice. London: Routledge. A classic, and well tried text. Contains discussion of analysis in ethnography.

Book symbol Hine, C. (2000). Virtual ethnography. London: Sage.

Book symbol Machin, D. (2002). Ethnographic research for media studies. London: Arnold.

Book symbol Pink, 5. (2001). Doing visual ethnography. London: Sage.

Book symbol Roper, J., & Shapira, J. (2000). Ethnography in nursing research. London: Sage.

Book symbol Spradley, J.P. (1979) The Ethnographic Interview, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, Florida.

Book symbol Stewart, A. (1998). The ethnographer method. Qualitative Research Methods series (Vol. 46). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Taylor, S. (Ed). (2001). Ethnographic research. London: Sage.

Book symbol Warren, C. A., & Hacjney, J. K. (2000). Gender issues in ethnographv. London: Sage.

Movie icon Two videos of David Silverman where he contrasts interviews with naturally occuring data for qualitative research. He also mentions the idea of the 'Interview Society' that he developed with Paul Atkinson.

YouTube logo David Silverman on Qualitative Research Methods & Natural Data. Part 1 - Part 2

Movie icon A lecture by Penny Harvey, Univ. of Manchester on Ethnography (43 mins with slides)

Movie icon A lecture by Angela Torresan, Univ. of Manchester on Using Film in Ethnographic Research (47 mins with slides)

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Ethnomethodology

Website symbol Poore, S (2000) Ethnomethodolgy - An introduction
Available on line at: http://www.hewett.norfolk.sch.uk/curric/soc/ethno/intro.htm

 

movie icon There are several videos about ethnomethodology, conversation analysis and discourse analysis on the AIEMCA YouTube Channel. The ACECA, th Australian Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis, was formed in 2001 as a joint initiative of the Australian delegates at the July 2001 meetings of the International Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis in Manchester (UK).

YouTube logo The AIEMCA Channel

movie icon Video of a lecture by Wes Sharrock (Univ. of Manchester) on Ethnomethodology. (About 47 mins. with slides). This page also includes a short (3.5 minute) talk by Wes Sharrock on Ethnomethodology.

pdf icon Ten Have, Paul (2010) Bibliography of ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. Updated April 2010)
http://www.paultenhave.nl/EMCABIB.pdf
Book symbol Lynch, M and Sharrock, Wes (eds) (2004) Harold Garfinkel, 4 vols., Sage.
Book symbol Lynch, M. (1997) Scientific Practice and Ordinary Action, CUP.
Book symbol Livingston, E. (2008) Ethnographies of Reason, Ashgate
Book symbol Schegloff, E. (2006) Sequence Organisation in Interaction: A Primer, CUP.

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F

Field research

Book symbol Bailey, C.A. (1996) A Guide to Field Research, Pine Forge Press, Thousand Oaks, California.

Book symbol Coffey, A. (1999). The Ethnographic Self: Fieldwork and the Representation of Identity. London, Sage.

Book symbol Denzin, N. K. and Y. S. Lincoln (1998). Entering the field of qualitative research. Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry. N. K. Denzin and Y. S. Lincoln. London, Sage.

Book symbol Emerson, R. M., R. I. Fretz, et al. (2001). Participant Observation and Fieldnotes. Handbook of Ethnography. P. Atkinson, A. Coffey, S. Delamont, J. Lofland and L. Lofland. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi, Sage: 352-368.

Book symbol Emerson, R M. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. 2nd ed. Chicago University Press, 1995.
Heath, Professor Christian, Dr Jon Hindmarsh, and Paul Luff. Video in Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications Ltd, 2010.

Book symbol Erickson, K. C. and D. D. Stull (1998). Doing team ethnography: warnings and advice. Thousand Oaks, Calif.; London, Sage Publications.

Book symbol Gubrium, J. F. (1987). Analyzing field reality. Newbury Park, CA; London, Sage.

Book symbol Hoonaard, W. C. v. d. (1997). Working with sensitizing concepts: analytical field research. Thousand Oaks, Calif.; London, Sage Publications.

Book symbol Hunt, J. C. (1989). Psychoanalytic aspects of fieldwork. Newbury Park, Calif.; London, Sage.

Book symbol Johnson, J. C. (1990). Selecting ethnographic informants. Newbury Park, Calif.; London, Sage Publications.

Book symbol Kleinman, S. and M. A. Copp (1993). Emotions and fieldwork. Newbury Park, Calif.; London, Sage Publications.

Book symbol Lee, R. M. (1995). Dangerous fieldwork. Thousand Oaks, Calif.; London, Sage Publications.

Book symbol Manning, P. K. (1987). Semiotics and fieldwork. Newbury Park, Calif.; London, Sage Publications.

Book symbol Rose, D. (1990). Living the ethnographic life. Newbury Park, Calif.; London, Sage.

Book symbol Rossman, G. B. and S. F. Rallis (1998). Learning in the Field: An Introduction to Qualitative Research. London, Sage.

Book symbol Sanjek, R., Ed. (1990). Field notes: The makings of anthropology. Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press.

Book symbol Schein, E. H. (1987). The clinical perspective in fieldwork. Newbury Park, Calif.; London, Sage.

Book symbol Stewart, A. (1998). The ethnographer's method. Thousand Oaks, Calif.; London, Sage Publications.

Book symbol Van Maanen, J. (1988). Tales of the Field: on Writing Ethnography. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

Book symbol Werner, O. and G. M. Schoepfle (1987). Systematic Fieldwork. Vol 2. Ethnographic Analysis and Data Management. Newbury Park, Sage.

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Frame analysis

Book symbol Bateson, G. (1972) Steps to an Ecology of the Mind. San Fransisco: Chandler.

Journal symbol Benford, R. D. and Snow, D. A. (2000) Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment. Annual Review of Sociology 26: 11-39.

Journal symbol D'Angelo, P. (2002) News framing as a multi-paradigmatic research program: A response to Entman.  Journal of Communication 52 (4): 870-88.

Website symbol Frame Analysis
http://www.lboro.ac.uk/research/mmethods/resources/links/frames.html

Book symbol Goffman, E. (1974) Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organisation of Experience. New York: Harper.

Book symbol Hastie, R. (1981) 'Schematic Principles in Human Memory' in E T Higgins, C P Herman and M P Zanna (editors) Social Cognition: The Ontario Symposium on Personality and Social Psychology. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Book symbol Heider, F. (1958) The psychology of interpersonal relations. New York: Wiley & Sons.

Book symbol Kelley, H. H. (1972) Causal Schemata and the Attribution Process. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.

Website symbol König, T. Frame Analysis: A Primer
http://www.restore.ac.uk/lboro/resources/links/frames_primer.php

Book symbol Marcus, H. & Zajonc, R. B. (1985) 'The Cognitive Perspective in Social Psychology' in G. Lindzey and E. Aronson (editors) The Handbook of Social Psychology. New York: Random House.

Book symbol Minsky, M. (1975) 'A Framework for Presenting Knowledge', in P A Winston (editor), The Psychology of Computer Vision. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Book symbol Piaget, J. (1954) The Construction of Reality in the Child. New York: Basic Books.

Journal symbol Scheufele, D. A. (1999) 'Framing as a Theory of Media Effects', Journal of Communication 49 (4): 103-22.

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Framework analysis

Website symbol The National Centre for Social Research (NatCen). The largest independent social research institute in Britain.

http://www.natcen.ac.uk/

NatCen staff have developed the FrameWork analysis appoach and now have produced some software that supports the technique. See:

http://www.natcen.ac.uk/framework/index.php

Book symbol Ritchie, J. and Lewis, J. (eds) (2003) Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers, Sage Publications, London.

Movie icon Video of Matt Barnard from the NatCen talking about Framework. This video covers the Framework approach which the software supports. Matt Barnard shows how analysts at NatCen have moved from pen and paper versions of the approach to using Excel and now to using the Framework software.

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G

Grounded Theory

Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss - founders of grounded theory
Barney Glaser
Anselm Strauss

Books and papers

Electronic journal symbol Bryant, Antony (2003). 'A Constructive/ist Response to Glaser' [25 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 4(1), Art. 15, http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0301155. [Date of access: Dec 5th 2009]

Journal symbol Bryant, Antony. (2002) 'Re-grounding Grounded Theory'. The Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application, 4, 1, 25-42.

Book symbol Charmaz, Kathy. (2000). 'Grounded Theory: Objectivist and Constructivist Methods'. In Norman Denzin & Yvonna S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research (2nd. edition, pp.509-535). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Book symbol Charmaz, K. (2006) Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage. A constructivist approach to grounded theory: data are not just found (or 'discovered'), they are constructed.

Book symbol Charmaz, K. and Bryant, A (Eds) (2007) The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory. London: Sage. This is now available in a paperback version. Contents:

PART ONE: ORIGINS AND HISTORY
   GT in Historical Perspective Antony Bryant & Kathy Charmaz
   An Epistemological Account
   Discovery of GT in Practice Eleanor Krassner Covan
   Legacy of Multiple Mentors
   Living GT Susan Leigh Star
   Cognitive & Emotional Forms of Pragmatism
PART TWO: GTM AND FORMAL GT
   Doing Formal Theory Barney Glaser
   Essential Properties for Growing GT Phyllis Stern
   Evolution of Formal GT Margaret Kearney
   Orthodoxy versus Power Jane Hood
PART THREE: GT IN PRACTICE
   Grounding Categories Ian Dey
   Development of Categories Udo Kelle
   Abduction Jo Reichertz
   Sampling in GT Janice Morse
   Memo-writing in GT Lora Lempert
   Coding Judith Holton
PART FOUR: PRACTICALITIES
   Making Teams work in Conducting GT Carolyn Wiener
   Teaching GT Sharlene Hesse-Biber
   GT as a Tool for IS Research Cathy Urquhart
PART FIVE: GT IN THE RESEACRH METHODS CONTEXT
   GT and Situational Analysis Adele Clarke & Carrie Friese
   GT and Action Research Bob Dick
    Integrating GT and Feminist Methods Virginia Olesen
   Accommodating Critical Theory Barry Gibson
   GT and the Politics of Interpretation Norman Denzin
   GT & Diversity Denise O'Neil Green, John W. Creswell, Ronald J. Shope, Vicki L. Plano Clark
   Ethnography Stefan Timmermans & Iddo Tavory
PART SIX: GT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
   GT and Reflexivity Katja Mruck & Guenter Mey
   Mediating Structure and Interaction Bruno Hildenbrand
   Tensions in Using GT Karen Locke
   GT & Pragmatism Joerg Struebing

Book symbol Clarke, A.E. (2005) Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the Postmodern Turn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Journal symbol Corbin, J and Strauss, A. (1996). Analytic ordering for theoretical purposes. Qualitative inquiry, 2(2), pp. 139-150.

Book symbol Dey, Ian (1999) Grounding Grounded Theory: Guidelines for Qualitative Inquiry Academic Press.

Book symbol Glaser, Barney. (1978). Theoretical Sensitivity: Advances in the Methodology of Grounded Theory. Mill Valley, CA: Sociology Press.

Book symbol Glaser, B. G. (1992). Emergence vs. Forcing: Basics of Grounded Theory Analysis. Mill Valley, California: Sociology Press.

Electronic journal symbol Glaser, Barney G. (2002). 'Constructivist Grounded Theory?' [47 paragraphs]; <http://www .qualitative -research.net/fqs -texte/3-02/3 -02glaser-e.htm> [Date of access: Dec 5th 2009]. September, Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 3, 3.

Book symbol Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago: Aldine. The original text on the grounded theory approach.

Book symbol Goulding, C. (2002) Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide for Management, Business and Market Researchers. London: Sage.

Book symbol Clarke, Adele E. Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the Postmodern Turn. Illustrated edition. Sage Publications, Inc, 2005.

Journal symbol Kools, S, McCarthy, M, Durham, R and Robrecht, L. (1996) Dimensional analysis- Broadening the conception of grounded theory. Qualitative Health Research, 6(3), pp. 312-330.

Journal symbol May, K A. (1996) Diffusion, dilution, or distillation?- The case of grounded theory method. Qualitative Health Research, 6(3), pp. 309-311.

Journal symbol Miller, S I and Fredericks, M. (1999) How does grounded theory explain? Qualitative Health Research, 9(4), pp. 538-551.

Book symbol Morse, J.M., Noerager Stern, P., Corbin, J.M., Charmaz, K.C., Bowers, B.J. and Clarke, A.E. (2009) Developing Grounded Theory: The Second Generation. Walnut Creek, Calif.: Left Coast Press. Chapters are:

1. A History of Grounded Theory, Phyllis Noerager Stern
2. The Straussian Perspective, Juliet M. Corbin
3. The Glaserian Perspective, Phllis Noerager Stern
4. Leonard Schatzman and Dimensional Analysis, Barbara Bowers
5. Situational Analysis, Adele E. Clarke
6. Constructivist Grounded Theory, Kathy C. Charmaz
7. Issues and Future Directions in Grounded Theory Research, Janice M. Morse

Book symbol Strauss, A. L. (1987). Qualitative Analysis for Social Scientists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Book symbol Strauss, A.L. and Corbin, J. (2008) Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for developing Grounded Theory. (3rd. ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage. Good, clear, step-by-step introduction to the interpretivist version of grounded theory. The Third Edition includes real data to practise with qualitative software, such as MAXQDA as well as student exercises.

Book symbol Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. (1997). Grounded Theory in Practice. London: Sage.

Book symbol Strübing, Jörg (2008) Grounded Theory: Zur sozialtheoretischen und epistemologischen Fundierung des Verfahrens der empirisch begründeten Theoriebildung. 2nd Ed. VS Verlag für Sozialwischenschaften. In German, but some of the material on pragmatism can be found in English in Strübing's chapter in the Sage Handbook.

Journal symbol De Vreede, Gert-Jan, Jones, Noel & Mgaya, Rabson J (1998). 'Exploring the Application and Acceptance of Group Support Systems in Africa'. Journal of Management Information Systems, 15, 3, 197-234.

Journal symbol Turner, Barry. (1983). 'The Use of Grounded Theory for the Qualitative Analysis of Organizational Behaviour'. Journal of Management Studies, 20, 3, 333-348.

Electronic journal symbol Hammersley, Martyn and Andersen, Kurt (2008) Grounded Theory and Analytic Induction: Background reading. In: NCRM Research Methods Festival 2008. (Unpublished)

 

Videos

Movie icon Workshop/lecture on Grounded Theory Method by Prof Tony Bryant. (September 15, 2009.) This 50 minute video examines the details of grounded theory, its history and some of the debates amongst its advocates. A near copy of the slides he uses is here or here. Tony Bryant is one of the editors of the Sage handbook on Grounded Theory (see above).

Movie icon Videos of a lecture by Graham R Gibbs on approaches to grounded theory. (March 9 2010.) Five short videos ( 7 to 22 minutes long) examine the core elements of the Glaser and Strauss approach and examine the three stages reccomended by Strauss and Corbin.

Movie icon Four videos of short talks by Barney Glaser " The Literature Review in Grounded Theory", "Jargonizing: Using the Grounded Theory vocabulary", "High impact dependent variables", "Grounded Theory is the study of a concept!"

 

Websites

Website symbol The Anselm Strauss site.
http://www.ucsf.edu/anselmstrauss/index.html

Website symbol The Grounded Theory Institute
This site contains the Sociology Press website providing access to all the Grounded Theory books and publications of Dr. Barney Glaser and others, as well as links to other grounded theory resources on the web.

Website symbol Grounded Theory Online; supporting GT researchers. This site offers to those who use Barney Glaser's Grounded Theory research method:

  • tailored support to research students;
  • support to PhD supervisors and research committees; and
  • consultancy to industry, post doc and professional researchers

There are some pages on 'What is Grounded Theory?' and 'Getting Started'.

Website symbol Dick, Bob (2005)  Grounded theory: a thumbnail sketch.  Resource Papers in Action Research. [On line] A brief overview of the process of grounded theory;  grounded theory is an emergent research process with some similarities to action research. Available at http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/gcm/ar/arp/grounded.html

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H

HyperRESEARCH

pdf icon ResearchWare have a set of online guides for HyperRESEARCH.

Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene Nagy, and Patricia Leavy. The Practice of Qualitative Research (2nd Edition). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc., 2011 (forthcoming).
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, ed. The Handbook of Emergent Technologies in Social Research. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010 (forthcoming).
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene. Mixed Methods Research : Merging Theory with Practice. New York: Guilford Press, 2010.
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, and Patricia Leavy. Emergent methods in social research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc., 2006.
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, and Patricia Leavy. The practice of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc., 2005.
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene Nagy, and Patricia Leavy. Approaches to Qualitative Research: A Reader on Theory and Practice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Book symbol Bachman, Ronet and Schutt, Russell K. (Eds) (2007) The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice. London, Sage.
Book symbol Chambliss, Daniel F. and Schutt, Russell K.(Eds) (2009) Making Sense of the Social World: Methods of Investigation Pine Forge Press. This text includes a CD-ROM with key concepts, data for SPSS analysis, and the demo version of HyperRESEARCH.
Book symbol Schutt, Russell K. (2009) Investigating the Social World: The Process and Practice of Research. Pine Forge Press; Sixth Edition. This text includes an extensive set of interactive exercises on CD-ROM, innovative group exercises, carefully developed and class-tested exercises using SPSS and HyperRESEARCH analysis software, and a thorough introduction to the research proposal process.

Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene N. "HyperRESEARCH: Software for Qualitative Data Analysis." Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods. Ed. Lisa M. Given. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications, 2008.
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, and Patricia Leavy. "Pushing on the Methodological Boundaries: The Growing Need for Emergent Methods within and across the Disciplines." Handbook of Emergent Methods. By Sharlene Hesse-Biber and Patricia Leavy. New York: Guilford, 2008. 1-17.
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, and Patricia Leavy. "Historical Context of Emergent Methods and Innovation in the Practice of Research Methods." Handbook of Emergent Methods. By Sharlene Hesse-Biber and Patricia Leavy. New York: Guilford, 2008. 17-22.
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene,. "Innovation in Research Methods Designs and Analysis." Handbook of Emergent Methods. By Sharlene Hesse-Biber and Patricia Leavy. New York: Guilford, 2008. 359-264.
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene. "The Impact of Emergent Technologies on research Methods." Handbook of Emergent Methods. By Sharlene Hesse-Biber and Patricia Leavy. New York: Guilford, 2008. 517-524.
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, and Christine Crofts. "User-Centered Perspectives on Qualitative Data Analysis Sofrtware: emergent Technologies and Future Trends." Handbook of Emergent Methods. By Sharlene Hesse-Biber and Patricia Leavy. New York: Guilford, 2008. 655-674.
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene N. "Teaching Grounded Theory." The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory. Ed. Antony Bryant and Kathy Charmaz. Minneapolis: Sage Publications Ltd, 2007
Journal symbol Staller, Karen M. (2002) "Musings of a Skeptical Software Junkie and the Hyper Research(TM) Fix" Qualitative Social Work: Research and Practice 2002 1: 473-487. A discussion of HyperRESEARCH by Karen M. Staller of the University of Michigan. Her article provides a good overview of the software, emphasizing how its ease of use assists research.
Journal symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, Paul Dupuis, and Scott Kinder. "Testing hypotheses on qualitative data: the use of HyperRESEARCH computer-assisted software." Social Science Computer Review 18.3 (2000): 320-28
Journal symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, Paul Dupuis, and Scott Kinder. “Anthropology: New developments in video ethnography and visual sociology-analyzing multimedia data qualitatively.” Social Science Computer Review, 18.1 (1997): 5-12
Journal symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, and Bev Smith. “Users’ Experience with Qualitative Data Analysis Software: Neither Frankenstein’s Monster nor Muse.” Social Science Computer Review, 14.4 (1996): 423-432
Book symbol Kelle, Udo, E. Silbert, A. Shelly, S. Hesse-Biber, and Gunter Huber. "Introduction: Hypothesis Examination in Qualitative Research." Computer-Aided Qualitative Data Analysis Theory, Methods and Practice. Ed. Udo Kelle. Minneapolis: Sage Publications Ltd, 1996.

Book symbol Hesse-Biber, S., and Paul Dupuis. “Hypothesis Testing Automation for Computer-aided Qualitative Data Analysis.” Computer-Aided Qualitative Data Analysis: Theory, Methods and Practice. Ed. Udo Kelle. Minneapolis: Sage Publications Ltd, 1996.

Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene. “Unleashing Frankenstein's Monster: The Use of Computers in Qualitative Research.” Studies in Qualitative Methodology Vol. 5. Ed. Robert G. Burgess. Middlesex, England: JAI Press, Ltd. 1995. 25-41

Journal symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, and Melissa Gilbert. “Closing the Technological Gender Gap: Feminist Pedagogy in the Computer-Assisted Classroom.” Teaching Sociology, 22 (1994): 19-31
Journal symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, Paul Dupuis, and Scott Kinder. “HyperRESEARCH: A Computer Program for the Analysis of Qualitative Data with an Emphasis on Hypothesis Testing and Multimedia Analysis.” Qualitative Sociology, 14.4, (1991): 289-306
Journal symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, Paul Dupuis, and Scott Kinder. “HyperRESEARCH: a computer program for the analysis of qualitative data with an emphasis on multimedia analysis and hypothesis testing.” Social Science Computer Review, 9.3, (1991): 452-460
Journal symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, Paul Dupuis, and Scott Kinder. “HyperRESEARCH: A Computer Program for the Analysis of Qualitative Data.” International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 3.2 (1990): 189-193

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I

Internet and qualitative research

Book symbol Hine, C. (2000). Virtual ethnography. London: Sage.

Book symbol Mann, C., & Stewart, F. (2000). Internet communication and qualitative research. London: Sage.

Website symbol Shepherd, Nicole (2003) Interviewing Online: Qualitative Research in the Network(ed) Society. In Association of Qualitative Research Sydney 2003, 17-19 July, 2003, Sydney, Australia.
Available online at: http://eprint.uq.edu.au/archive/00001436/
Book symbol Buckler, S. & Dolowitz, D., (2005). Politics on the Internet: A Student Guide 1st ed., Routledge.  
Book symbol Dicks, D.B. et al., (2005). Qualitative Research and Hypermedia: Ethnography for the Digital Age, Sage Publications Ltd.  
Book symbol James, N. & Busher, D.H., (2009). Online Interviewing, Sage Publications Ltd.  
Book symbol Jones, S., (1998). Doing Internet Research: Critical Issues and Methods for Examining the Net, Sage Publications, Inc.  
Book symbol Kozinets, R.V., (2009). Netnography: Doing Ethnographic Research Online, Sage Publications Ltd.  
Book symbol Markham, A.N. & Baym, N.K., (2008). Internet Inquiry: Conversations About Method, Sage Publications, Inc.
Book symbol Miller, T.W. & Walkowski, J., (2004). Qualitative Research Online illustrated edition., Research Publishers.  
Book symbol Peachey, A. et al., (2010). Researching Learning in Virtual Worlds 1st ed., Springer.  
Book symbol Poynter, R., (2010). The Handbook of Online and Social Media Research: Tools and Techniques for Market Researchers, John Wiley & Sons.  

 

General texts that have chapters on Internet research

Book symbol Bryman, A., 2008. Social Research Methods 3rd ed., OUP Oxford.

Book symbol Lichtman, M., 2006. Qualitative Research in Education: A User's Guide, Sage Publications, Inc.

Book symbol Marshall, C. & Rossman, G.B., 2010. Designing Qualitative Research Fifth Edition., Sage Publications, Inc.

Book symbol Silverman, P.D., 2004. Qualitative Research: Theory, Method and Practice Second Edition., Sage Publications Ltd.  

See also E-research

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Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA)

Jonathon Smith

Jonathon Smith, the principal developer of IPA.

Website symbol The Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
http://www.psyc.bbk.ac.uk/ipa/

Website symbol Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Materials, resources and discussion for the support of IPA learning and research. Movie icon On this website there is a link to an unlisted YouTube logo video on analysis (14 mins.)

Book symbol Smith, J.A., Flowers, P. and Larkin, M. (2009) Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis: Theory, Method and Research. London: SAGE.

Practical chapters on IPA

Book symbol Smith, J.A. (1995) Semi structured interviewing & qualitative analysis. In: Smith, J.A., Harre, R. & Van Langenhove, L. (eds) Rethinking Methods in Psychology. London: Sage. An introduction to the thematic approach of the author’s interpretative phenomenological analysis.

Book symbol Smith, J.A., Jarman, M. and Osborn, M. (1999) Doing Interpretative phenomenological analysis. In: M. Murray and K. Chamberlain (eds) Qualitative Health Psychology: Theories and Methods. London: Sage.

Book symbol Smith, J.A. and Dunworth, F. (2003) Qualitative methods in the study of development. In: K. Connolly and J. Valsiner (eds) The Handbook of Developmental Psychology. London: Sage.

Book symbol Smith, JA and Osborn, M (2003) Interpretative phenomenological analysis. In JA Smith (ed) Qualitative Psychology: A Practical Guide to Methods. London: Sage.

Book symbol Smith, JA and Osborn, M (2004) Interpretative phenomenological analysis. In G. Breakwell (ed) Doing Social Psychology. Oxford: Blackwell. (pp 229-254)

Book symbol Willig, C (2001) Interpretive phenomenology in Willig C. Qualitative Research in Psychology. Buckingham: Open University.

Book symbol Heron, J. (1996). Co-operative Inquiry: Research into the human condition. London: Sage.
pdf icon Reid, K., Flowers, P. & Larkin, M. (2005). Exploring lived experience, The Psychologist, 18, 20-23.
pdf icon Shaw, R. L. (2001). Why use interpretative phenomenological analysis in Health Psychology? Health Psychology Update, 10, 48-52.

Book symbol Smith, J.A., Flowers, P., & Larkin, M. (2009). Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis: Theory Method and Research. London: Sage.

Discussion group

Discussion list symbol The e-mail discussion group enaables you to communicate with people interested in IPA- currently there are about 150 members. Send a blank e-mail to:
ipanalysis-subscribe@yahoogroups.com
Additional information about the service is available at http://www.egroups.com/group/ipanalysis

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J

K

L

Life History

See also Biography and Narrative.

Book symbol Atkinson, R. (1998). The Life Story Interview. London: Sage.

Book symbol Berteaux, D. (1981). Biography and History: The life story approach in social sciences. Newbury Park: Sage.

Book symbol Plummer, K (1983) Documents of Life, London: George, Allen and Unwin.

Website symbol Courage, F. (2004) Centre for Life History Research at the University of Sussex
Available online at: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Units/clhr/

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M

Manual Qualitative Data Analysis methods

Book symbol Maykut, P. and Morehouse, R. (2001) Beginning Qualitative Research: A philosophical and practical guide, Routledge Falmer, London.

Book symbol Ritchie, J. and Lewis, J. (eds) (2003) Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers, Sage Publications, London.

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Memory work

Electronic journal symbol Rachel Thomson & Janet Holland ((August 2005)" ‘Thanks for the memory’: memory books as a methodological resource in biographical research" Qualitative Research, Volume 5, Number 2 (August 2005), pp. 201-219, <http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=43A7B25CA0B6E60C9684>

Journal symbol http://www.sagepub.com/journalScope.aspx?pid=280&sc=1

Website symbol The Image and Identity Research Collective (IIRC)
Available online at: http://www.iirc.mcgill.ca/method.html

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Mixed methods

Videos

Movie icon Video of a talk on Mixed methods research by Tony Onwuegbuzie, Sam Houston State University (about 1 hr 30 mins with slides).

Movie icon First of six parts of a video onYouTube logo of a talk by Alan Bryman on Conducting Mixed Methods research. 15 mins each, a total of 1.5 hours.

 

Books and articles

Book symbol Andrew, Sharon, and Elizabeth J. Halcomb. (2009). Mixed Methods Research for Nursing and the Health Sciences. 1st ed. Wiley-Blackwell, January 2.  

Book symbol Johnson, R. (Robert) Burke, and Larry B. Christensen. (2008). Educational Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Approaches. Third Edition. Sage Publications, Inc, February 26.  
Book symbol Axinn, William G., and Lisa D. Pearce. (2006). Mixed Method Data Collection Strategies. Cambridge University Press, September 25.  
Book symbol Bergman, Manfred Max. (2008). Advances in Mixed Methods Research: Theories and Applications. Sage Publications Ltd, May 18.  
Book symbol Bryman, Alan. (2006). Mixed Methods. Four-Volume Set. Sage Publications Ltd, July 20.  
Book symbol Clark, Dr. Vicki L. Plano, and John W. Creswell. (2008). The Mixed Methods Reader. Sage Publications, Inc, February 12.  
Book symbol Creswell, John W. (2008). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Third Edition. Sage Publications, Inc, July 23.  
Book symbol Creswell, John W., and Dr. Vicki L. Plano Clark. (2006). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Sage Publications, Inc, September 26.  
Book symbol Greene, Jennifer C. (2007). Mixed Methods in Social Inquiry. Jossey Bass, November 9.  
Book symbol Hesse-Biber, Sharlene Nagy. (2010). Mixed Methods Research. 1st ed. Guilford Press, February 19.  
Book symbol Morse, Janice M., and Linda Niehaus. (2009). Mixed Method Design: Principles and Procedures. Left Coast Press Inc, May 1.  
Book symbol O'Brien, Jodi. (2011). Issues, Implications and Practices in Mixed Method Design. 1st ed. Routledge, October.  
Book symbol Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J., John R. Slate, Nancy Leech, and Kathleen M.T. Collins. (2010). Mixed Research. 1st ed. Routledge Academic, August 1.  
Book symbol Plowright, Dr David. (2011). Using Mixed Methods: Frameworks for an Integrated Methodology. Sage Publications Ltd, January 31.  
Book symbol Ridenour, Carolyn S., and Isadore Newman. (2008). Mixed Methods Research: Exploring the Interactive Continuum. Southern Illinois University Press, April 3.  
Book symbol Spitzlinger, Roland. (2010). Mixed Method Research - Qualitative Comparative Analysis. Grin Verlag.
 
Book symbol Tashakkori, Abbas, and Charles B. Teddlie. (1998). Mixed Methodology: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. illustrated edition. Sage Publications, Inc, August 20.  
Book symbol Tashakkori, Abbas, and Charles B. Teddlie. (2010). SAGE Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social & Behavioral Research. Second Edition. Sage Publications, Inc, August 25.  
Book symbol Teddlie, Charles B., and Abbas Tashakkori. (2008). Foundations of Mixed Methods Research: Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches in the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Sage Publications, Inc.

Journal symbol Bazeley P (1999) 'The Bricoleur with a Computer: Piecing together Qualitative and Quantitative Data', Qualitative Health Research 9(2) 279-287

Journal symbol Bolden R & Moscarola J (2000) 'Bridging the Quantitative-Qualitative Divide', Social Science Computer Review 18(4) 450-560

 

General books in specific disciplines

Book symbol Garcia-Alvarez E & Lopez-Sintas J (2002) 'Contingency Table: A Two-way Bridge between Qualitative and Quantitative Methods', Field Methods 14(3) 270-287

Book symbol Saks, Professor Mike, and Professor Judith Allsop. (2007). Researching Health: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods. annotated edition. Sage Publications Ltd, April 19.  

Book symbol Sheperis, Carl J., M. Harry Daniels, and J. Scott Young. (2009). Counseling Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods. 1st ed. Merrill, July 20.  

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N

Narrative

Videos

Movie icon What is narrative analysis? Vanessa May (Morgan Centre, University of Manchester)
PowerPoint slides and audio recording of a presentation given as part of the methods@manchester What is...? seminar series

Book symbol Andrews, Molly, Squire, Corinne and Tamboukou, Maria (eds) (2008) Doing Narrative Research, London: Sage.

Book symbol Riessman, Catherine Kohler (2008) Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences, Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Journal symbol Bruner, A (1988) “Life as Narrative” Social Research, Vol.54, pp. 11-32.

Journal symbol Bruner, A. (1991). “The narrative construction of reality”. Critical Inquiry, 18, 1-21.

Book symbol Crossley, M (2000) Introducing Narrative Psychology: self, trauma and the construction of meaning. Buckingham, Open University Press.

Book symbol Czarniawska, B (1998) A Narrative Approach to Organizational Studies. London: Sage.

Book symbol Giele, J. Z., & Elder Jr., G. H. (1998). Methods of Life Course Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. London: Sage.

Book symbol Lieblich, A., Tuval-Mashiach, R., & Zilber, T. (1998). Narrative Research: Reading, Analysis and Interpretation. London: Sage. Examines a wide range of narrative and biographical techniques with extended examples.

Book symbol Mishler, E. G. (1986). The analysis of interview narratives. In T. R. Sarbin (Ed.), Narrative Psychology (pp. 233-255). New York: Praeger.

Book symbol Polkinghorne, D E (1988) Narrative knowing and the human sciences. Albany, NY: State of New York University Press.

Book symbol Riessman, C. K. (1993) Narrative Analysis, Newbury Park, London: Sage. A readable summary of narrative approaches.

Book symbol Sarbin, T R (Ed.) (1986) Narrative Psychology. New York: Praeger.

Journal symbol Torode, B. (1998) Narrative analysis using Code-A-Text. Qualitative Health Research, 8(3), pp. 414-432.

Journal symbol Narrative Inquiry
A twice yearly peer reviewed journal published by John Benjamins Publishing Co. It is the continuation of the Journal of Narrative and Life History. The journal is "devoted to providing a forum for theoretical, empirical, and methodological work on narrative. Articles appearing in Narrative Inquiry draw upon a variety of approaches and methodologies in the study of narrative as a way to give contour to experience, tradition, and values to next generations. Particular emphasis is placed on theoretical approaches to narrative and the analysis of narratives in human interaction, including those practiced by researchers in psychology, linguistics and related disciplines". The website provides information about the editorial board, subject coverage and subscription information. Tables of Contents are also provided.
http://www.benjamins.com/cgi-bin/t_seriesview.cgi?series=NI

Website symbol Centre for Narrative Research
Based at the University of East London, UK, the Centre brings together "work on narrative that is being pursued in a variety of contexts across the social sciences". It supports research on spoken, written and visual narratives, drawing on psychological, sociological, anthropological and cultural research traditions. The website includes a link to the Centre's narrative research e-list, the full text of the Centre's newsletters, information about short courses and seminar programmes and links to abstracts and full text of papers produced by members and associates of the Centre.  
http://www.uel.ac.uk/cnr/index.htm

Website symbol Narrative research @ Anglia Ruskin University Support materials for narrative analysis
Website symbol Narrativepsych.com Narrative Psychology Internet and Resource Guide.

Website symbol pdf icon Collections of selected papers from the annual Narrative & Memory Research Group annual conferences at the University of Huddersfield.

Website symbol Book symbolStudies in narrative, a series published by John Benjamins, edited by Michael Bamberg
Website symbol Journal symbolPapers published by Catherine Kohler Riessman

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Naturally occuring data

Videos

Movie icon Two videos of David Silverman where he contrasts interviews with naturally occuring data for qualitative research. He also mentions the idea of the 'Interview Society' that he developed with Paul Atkinson.

YouTube logo David Silverman on Qualitative Research Methods & Natural Data. Part 1 - Part 2

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Nud*ist

pdf icon QSR have produced a Getting started guide for N6. Available as a pdf.

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NVivo

 

Book symbol Ann Lewins & Christina Silver (2007) Using Software in Qualitative Research: A Step-by-Step Guide, Sage Publications, London. Contains step-by-step guides for NVivo 7, along with other programs

Book symbol Bazeley, P. (2007) Qualitative Data Analysis with NVivo. London: Sage. Covers version 7.

Book symbol Gibbs, G.R. (2007) Analyzing qualitative data. London: Sage. Part of the Qualitative Research Kit, ed. U. Flick. Contains step-by-step guides for NVivo 7.

pdf icon QSR have produced a Getting started guide for NVivo 8. Available as a pdf.

pdf icon Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resources has a brief introduction to NVivo v.8. A pdf doc

Website symbol An Introduction to NVivo7 for Qualitative Data Analysis is an hour long video by Marie-Hélène Paré. Sadly, the resolution is rather poor, but you can download the presentation slides from here.

Book symbol Bazeley, P. and Richards, L. (2000) The NVivo Qualitative Project Book, Sage Publications, London. Covers NVivo versions 1 and 2.

Book symbol Gibbs, G. (2002) Qualitative Data Analysis: Explorations with NVivo. Open University Press, Buckingham, England. Covers NVivo versions 1 and 2.

Book symbol Morse, J. and Richards, L. (2002) Readme First for a User's Guide to Qualitative Methods, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks. Covers NVivo versions 1 and 2.

Website symbol Lyn Richards has written an NVivo tutorial to accompany her book: Richards, L. (2005) Handling Qualitative Data: A Practical Guide, London, Sage. Covers NVivo versions 1 and 2.

pdf icon NVivo 2 tutorial "An Introduction to Analysing Qualitative Data Using NVivo 2.0 by Tracy Panther, Oxford Brookes University Business. A pdf doc. Covers NVivo versions 1 and 2.

pdf icon NVivo 2 tutorial by Akos Rona-Tas, University of California, San Diego. A pdf doc. Covers NVivo versions 1 and 2.

pdf icon QSR have produced a Getting started guide for NVivo 2. Available as a pdf. Covers NVivo versions 1 and 2.

pdf icon Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resources has a brief introduction to NVivo v.2. A pdf doc. Covers NVivo versions 1 and 2.

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O

Observational research

Website symbol http://writing.colostate.edu/references/research/observe/index.cfm

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P

PhD

For some help on undertaking or supervising a PhD see:

Book symbol Delamont, S., Atkinson, P. and Parry, O. (1997) Supervising the PhD: A guide to success. The Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press, Buckingham.

Website symbol The UK GRAD Programme (now part of the Vitae website) is a resource for postgraduate researchers. Useful pages include the 'Just for Postgrads' with tips for managing your PhD, 'What Do PhDs Do?' provides statistics on UK PhD graduates employment. A handy planner has been produced to help you plan your PhD called 'Planning a Doctorate: Schedule for Success'. You need to email the UK GRAD programme to get a copy.

 
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Phenomenography

Starting points

Journal symbol A good reference, to get started, is an article by Marton:
Marton, F. (1981) Phenomenography - describing conceptions of the world around us. Instructional Science, 10, 177-200.

Website symbol Biorn Hasselgren, from Gothenburg, has some excellent pages about phenomenography at his "Land of Phenomenography" site.


Website symbol Gerber, Rod; Bruce, Christine, Phenomenographic Research: An Annotated Bibliography (3rd edition)
Originally published in 1995, at the Centre for Applied Environmental and Social Educational Research, Queensland University of Technology, this is the third edition of a bibliography by Christine Bruce and Rod Gerber on phenomenographic research. The bibliography contains over one hundred and fifty citations, almost all of which are annotated, listed alphabetically and by subject.

http://sky.fit.qut.edu.au/~bruce/anabib/title.php

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Phenomenology

 

Starting points

Website symbol Entry on Phenomenology in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy by David Woodruff Smith
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/phenomenology/#1

Dicusses the philosophical foundation and includes an annotated bibliography.

Movie icon First of two videos on the Phenomenological Perspective from the Open University onYouTube logo featuring Darren Langdridge and Linda Finlay (10 mins). Taken from the Open University course, "The body: A phenomenological psychological perspective"

Movie icon Second of two videos on the Phenomenological Perspective from the Open University onYouTube logo featuring Darren Langdridge and Linda Finlay (5 mins). Taken from the Open University course, "The body: A phenomenological psychological perspective"

Website symbol Center for Advanced Research in Phenomenology Inc
The Website of the Center for Advanced Research in Phenomenology, an international organisation based in Florida, USA. The aim is "to foster, extend, and deepen phenomenology and kindred continental thought in philosophy, the social sciences, and the humanities wherever it can". The site is divided into a number of sections dealing with different aspects of phenomenology, including its history, major thinkers, societies and a regularly updated conference diary.
http://www.phenomenologycenter.org/

Website symbol Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences
Combines research papers and pre-prints with bibliographic resources that bear on the connections between phenomenology and the cognitive sciences. There are guides to the work of individual phenomenologists, links to related institutions and information on the members of the Research Group on Integrating Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.  
http://www.philosophy.ucf.edu/pcs/

The journal, Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences

Website symbol Phenomenology Online
The website is provided by Dr Max Van Manen of the University of Alberta in Canada. The site “provides public access to articles, monographs, and other materials discussing and exemplifying phenomenological research.”  
http://www.phenomenologyonline.com

Website symbol Max van Manen's homepage containing information about his books, articles, teaching, projects and TEXTORIUM: 60+ phenomenological papers.

Website symbol Husserl.net
Open content source of Husserl's writings and commentary. (Online)
http://www.husserl.net/

Website symbol Center for Advanced Research in Phenomenology
Information about phenomenology, centered at Florida Atlantic University. (Online)
http://www.phenomenologycenter.org/

Book symbol Cohen, M., Kahn, D. & Steeves, R (2000) Hermeneutic Phenomenological Research: A practical guide for nurse researchers. London: Sage

Journal symbol Kvale, S. (1983) The Qualitative Research Interview: A phenomenological and a hermeneutic mode of understanding. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 14(2), pp. 171-196.

Book symbol Kvale, S. (1996) Interviews - an introduction to qualitative research interviewing. London. Sage

Book symbol Giorgi, A (1985) Phenomenology and psychological research. Pittsburgh, PA: Duquense University Press.

A good summary of this approach is in:

Journal symbol Giorgi, A. and Giorgi, B. (2003) 'Phenomenology', in J. A. Smith (ed), Qualitative Psychology: A practical guide to research methods. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage. pp. 25-50.

Book symbol Moustakas, C (1994) Phenomenological Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Polkinhorne, D E (1989) “Phenomenological research methods” in R. S. Valle and S. Halling (Eds.) (1989) Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology. New York: Plenum, pp. 41-60.

Book symbol Smith, J. (1995) “Semi-structured interview and qualitative analysis” in Smith, J., Harré, R. & Langenhove, L. Van (eds), Rethinking Methods in Psychology. London: Sage.

Journal symbol vanManen, M. (1997)  “From meaning to method”. Qualitative Health Research, 7(3), pp. 345-369.

 

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Philosophy

Website symbol Smith, D.W., (2003) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Available online at: http://plato.stanford.edu/contents.html

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Q

QCA - Qualitative Comparative Analysis           

General References:

Book symbol Ragin, C. C. (1987). The comparative method: moving beyond qualitative and quantitative strategies. Berkeley; Los Angeles; London, University of California Press.
Book symbol Ragin, C. C. (1991). Issues and alternatives in comparative social research. Leiden, The Netherlands; New York, E.J. Brill.
Book symbol Ragin, C. C. (1994). Constructing social research: the unity and diversity of method. Thousand Oaks, CA; London, Pine Forge Press Sage.
Book symbol Ragin, C. C. (1997). "Turning the Tables: how case-oriented methods challenge variable oriented methods." Comparative Social Research 16: 27-42.
Book symbol Ragin, C. C. (2000). Fuzzy-set social science. Chicago; London, University of Chicago Press.
Book symbol Ragin, C. C. and H. S. Becker, Eds. (1992). What is a case? exploring the foundations of social inquir. Cambridge [England]; New York, NY, USA, Cambridge University Press.
Book symbol Spitzlinger, Roland. (2010). Mixed Method Research - Qualitative Comparative Analysis. Grin Verlag.

Book symbol Rihoux, B., & Ragin, C. C. (2009). Configurational comparative methods. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and related techniques (Applied Social Research Methods). Thousand Oaks and London: Sage.
Book symbol Rihoux, B., and M. Grimm, eds. (2006). Innovative Comparative Methods For Policy Analysis: Beyond the quantitative-qualitative divide. New York, NY, Springer.
Book symbol Ragin, C.C. (2008). Redesigning social inquiry: Set relations in social research. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Book symbol Byrne, D., and C. Ragin, eds. (2009), Handbook of Case-Centred Research Methods, London: Sage.

Movie icon Video of a talk on QCA and fuzzy sets by Benoît Rihoux, Université catholique de Louvain (about 1 hr 20 mins with slides).

Movie icon Video of a talk on QCA by Wendy Olsen, University of Manchester (about 35 mins with slides).

Website symbol Web links www.compasss.org

Website symbol Focusing on the Case in Quantitative and Qualitative Research This website introduces an approach to social science data analysis for both qualitative and quantitative data, where the focus of the analysis is the ‘case' and the key analytical tool is comparison. The case may be a person, an organisation or a community. The site tackles methodological questions and provides a practical introduction to the use of computer software to assist in comparative analysis.        

Applications of QCA:

Journal symbol Berg-Schlosser, D. (1998). "Conditions of Authoritarianism, Fascism and Democracy in Inter-War Europe - A Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Analysis." International Journal of Comparative Sociology 39(4): 335-377.
Journal symbol Kvist, J. (1999). "Welfare Reform in the Nordic Countries in the 1990s: Using Fuzzy-Set Theory to Assess Conformity to Ideal-Types." Journal of European Social Policy 9(3): 231-252.
Book symbol Levi-Faur (2002). Comparative Research Designs in the Study of Regulation:  How to Increase the Number of Cases Without Compromising the Strengths of Case-Oriented Analysis. The Politics of Regulation. J. Jacint and D. Levi-Faur. London, Elgar.
Journal symbol Rantala, K. a. H., Eeva. (2001). "Qualitative Comparative Analysis - a Hermeneutic Approach to Interview Data." International Journal of Social Research Methodology 4(2): 87-100.
Journal symbol Snow, D. and D. Cress (2000). "The Outcome of Homeless Mobilization: the Influence of Organization, Disruption, Political Mediation, and Framing." American Journal of Sociology 105(4): 1063-1104.
       

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QCA - Qualitative Content Analysis           

General References:

Book symbol Mayring, Philipp (2010). Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse. Grundlagen und Techniken [Qualitative content analysis. Basics and techniques.] (11. rev. ed.). Weinheim, Basel: Beltz. In German.

Electronic journal symbol Mayring, Philipp (2000). Qualitative Content Analysis [28 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 1(2), Art. 20, http://nbn- resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0002204

Book symbol Schreier, Margrit (2012). Qualitative content analysis in practice. London etc.: Sage

On the issues of intercoder reliability see,

Journal symbol Krippendorff,Klaus (2004) 'Measuring the Reliability of Qualitative Text Analysis Data', Quality and Quantity, Volume 38, Issue 6, December 2004, pages 787-800. (See http://repository.upenn.edu/asc_papers/42/ )

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Qualitative methods

Book symbol Miller, R.L. and Brewer, J. D. (2003) The A-Z of Social Research - A Dictionary of Key Social Science Research Concepts, Sage Publications, London.

Most of the following books have useful chapters on Qualitative Analysis.

Book symbol Atkinson, P., Coffey, A., Delamont, S., Lofland, J., & Lofland, L. (2001) Handbook of Ethnograpy. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage.

Book symbol Bauer, M. W. and Gaskell, G. (Eds) (2000) Qualitative Researching with Text, Image and Sound. London: Sage.

Book symbol Becker, H. S. (1998) Tricks of the Trade: How to think about your Research while You’re Doing it. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Book symbol Bogdan, R and Biklen, S K (1992) Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and methods  Allyn & Bacon, Boston

Book symbol Brewer, J.D. (2000) Ethnography. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Book symbol Burgess, R. G. (1982). Field Research: A Sourcebook and Field Manual. London: Routledge.

Book symbol Burgess, R. G. (1984). In the Field: An Introduction to Field Research. London: Routledge.

Book symbol Cassell, B. & Symon, G. (Eds.) (1998) Qualitative Methods and Analysis in Organizational Research. London: Sage.

Book symbol Crabtree, B. F., & Miller, W. L. (1992). Doing qualitative research: Sage, Newbury Park, CA. and London.

Book symbol Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Traditions. London, Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications.

Journal symbol Deacon, D. Bryman,A. Fenton, N. (1998). 'Collision or Collusion? A discussion and case study of the unplanned triangulation of quantitative and qualitative research methods' International Journal of Social Research Methodology: Theory and Practice Vol 1 No 1 Social Research Association.

Book symbol Denzin, N K and Lincoln, Y S (Eds.) (1994) Handbook of Qualitative Research. London: Sage.

Book symbol Denzin, N K and Lincoln, Y S (Eds.) (1998) The Landscape of Qualitative Research: Theory and Issues. London: Sage. Part of Handbook of Qualitative Research (1994) in paperback.

Book symbol Denzin, N K and Lincoln, Y S (Eds.) (1998) Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry. London: Sage. Part of Handbook of Qualitative Research (1994) in paperback.

Book symbol Ely , M (1991) Doing qualitative research - circles within circles. London New York: Falmer Press.

Book symbol Flick, Uwe (1998) An Introduction to Qualitative Research. London: Sage

Book symbol Glesne, C and Peshkin, A (1992) Becoming a qualitative researcher: An introduction, New York: Longman.

Book symbol Grbich, C (1999) Qualitative research in health - an introduction. London: Sage.

Book symbol Gubrium, J. F., & Holstein, J. A. (2002) Handbook of Interview Research: Context and Method. Thousand Oaks, Ca: Sage.

Book symbol Hammersley, M (1992) What’s wrong with ethnography? London: Routledge.

Book symbol Holloway, I. (1997). Basic concepts for qualitative research: Blackwell Science, Oxford, Malden MA.

Book symbol Holloway, I and Wheeler, S (1996) Qualitative research for nurses. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Book symbol Janesick, V. J. (1998). Stretching Exercises for Qualitative Researchers. London: Sage.

Book symbol Kvale, S. (1996). InterViews: An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing. London: Sage.

Book symbol Layder, D. (1993). New Strategies in Social Research. Oxford: Polity Press.

Book symbol LeCompte, M D and Preissle, J with Tesch, R (1993) Ethnography and qualitative design in educational research, New York:  Academic Press.

Book symbol Lee, R.M. (2000) Unobtrusive Measures in Social Research. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Book symbol Lofland, J and Lofland, L H (1995) Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis, Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Book symbol Mach, S ft. & Gates, M.F. (1999) The researcher experience in qualitative researh. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (1995). Designing Qualitative Research. London: Sage.

Book symbol Mason, J. (1996). Qualitative researching. London: Sage.

Book symbol May, T.  (Ed.) (2002) Qualitative Research in Action. London: Sage.

Book symbol Maykut, P. and Morehouse, R. (1994) Beginning the Qualitative Research: A philosophic and practical guide. London: Routledge/Falmer.

Book symbol Mays, N and Pope, C (Eds.) (1996) Qualitative research in health care. London: BMJ.

Book symbol Mcleod, J. (2001) Qualitative Research in Counselling and Psychotherapy, Sage Publications, London.

Book symbol McCracken, G (1988) The Long Interview. London: Sage.

Book symbol Morse, J. M. (Ed.) (1994) Critical Issues in Qualitative Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Morse, J. M. (1997). Completing a Qualitative Project: Details and Dialogue. London: Sage.

Book symbol Morse, J, Swanson, J., & Kuzel, A. (Eds.). (2001). The nature of evidence in qualitative inquiry. London: Sage.

Book symbol Morse, J., & Richards, L. (2002). Read me flrct for a user guide to qualitative methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Journal symbol Murphy, E, Dingwall, R, Greatbatch, D, Parker, S and Watson, P (1998) “Qualitative research methods in health technology assessment: a review of the literature”. Health Technology Assessment 1998 2(16)

Neuman (1994). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches: Allyn and Bacon.

Book symbol Patton, M. Q. (1980). Qualitative research methods: Beverly Hills: Sage.

Book symbol Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods. Newbury Park, London: Sage.

Book symbol Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods. 3rd Ed Newbury Park, London: Sage.

Book symbol Ragin, C. C. (1987). The Comparative method: Moving beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Book symbol Richards, L. (2005) Handling Qualitative Data: A Practical Guide, Sage Publications, London.

Book symbol Richardson, J. T. E. (1996). Handbook of Qualitative Research Methods for Psychology and the Social Sciences. Leicester, UK: BPS Books.

Book symbol Rossman, G. B., & Rallis, S. (2003). Learning in the field: An introduction to qualitative methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Rubin, H. J., & Rubin, I. S. (1995). Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data. London: Sage.

Book symbol Schwandt, T. A. (1997). Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms. London: Sage.

Book symbol Seale, C. F., Gobo, G., Gubrium, J. F., & Silverman, D. (2003) Qualitative Research Practice. London: Sage.

Book symbol Sherman, R R and Webb, R B (Eds.) (1988) Qualitative research in education - focus and methods. London: Falmer.

Book symbol Silverman, D. (1997). Qualitative research: theory, method and practice. London: Sage Publications.

Book symbol Silverman, D (2004) Doing Qualitative Research: A Practical Handbook. 2nd Ed. London: Sage.

Book symbol Spradley, J. P. (1979). The Ethnographic Interview. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Book symbol Travers, M. (2001). Qualitative research through case studies. London: Sage.

Book symbol Willig, C. (2001) Introducing Qualitative Research in Psychology: Adventures in Theory and Method. Buckingham, Open University Press.

Qualitative analysis

Book symbol Altheide, D L (1996) Qualitative Media Analysis  Sage, Newbury Park, London

Book symbol Ball, M S and Smith, G W H (1992) Analyzing Visual Data, Newbury Park, London: Sage.

Book symbol Bernard, H. Russell and Ryan, Gery W. (2010) Analyzing Qualitative Data: Systematic Approaches. Los Angeles: Sage.

Book symbol Boyatzis , R E (1998) Transforming qualitative information - thematic analysis and code development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Bryman, A. (1988). Quantity and Quality in Social Research. London: Unwin Hyman/Routledge.

Book symbol Bryman, A and Burgess, R (Eds.) (1994) Analysing Qualitative Data, London: Routledge.

Book symbol Coffey, A., and Atkinson P. (1996). Making sense of Qualitative Data Analysis: Complementary Research Strategies. London, Thousand Oaks CA: Sage.

Book symbol Crabtree, B F and Miller, W L (Eds.) (1992) Doing qualitative research. Newbury Park,  London: Sage.

Book symbol Denzin, N K and Lincoln, Y S (Eds.) (1998) Collecting and Interpreting Qualitative Materials. London: Sage. Part of Handbook of Qualitative Research (1994) in paperback.

Book symbol Dey, I. (1993). Qualitative data analysis: a user-friendly guide for social scientists. London, New York, NY: Routledge.

Book symbol Ezzy, D. (2002). Qualitative Analysis. Practice and Innovation.  London: Routledge.

Book symbol Feldman, M. S. (1994). Strategies for Interpreting Qualitative Data. Newbury Park, London: Sage.

Book symbol Fielding, N. G., & Fielding, J. (1986). Linking Data. London: Sage.

Book symbol Gibbs, G R (2002) Qualitative Data Analysis: Explorations with NVivo. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Book symbol Gibbs, G.R. (2007) Analyzing qualitative data. London: Sage. Part of the Qualitative Research Kit, ed. U. Flick.

Book symbol Golden-Biddle, K. (1997). Composing Qualitative Research: Crafting Theoretical Points from Qualitative Research. London: Sage.

Gubrium, J. F., Holstein, J. A., & Harrison, B. (1998). The new language of qualitative method.

Book symbol Hayes, N. (ed.) (1997). Doing Qualitative Analysis in Psychology. Hove: Psychology Press.

Book symbol Langdridge, D. (2004). Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology. Vol. trans. Harlow: Pearson Education.

Book symbol Lofland, J., & Lofland, L. H. (1995). Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis. 3rd Ed., Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Book symbol Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: a sourcebook of new methods.  Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Muhr, T (2000) ' Increasing the Reusability of Qualitative Data with XML '
Qualitative Sozialforschung [Forum Qualitative Social Research] Volume 1, No. 3 - December 2000

Book symbol Richards, L. (2005) Handling Qualitative Data: A Practical Guide, London, Sage.

Book symbol Ritchie, J., & Lewis, J. (2003) Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers. London: Sage.

Book symbol Silverman, D. (1993). Interpreting Qualitative Data. Methods for Analysing Talk, Text and Interaction. London: Sage.

Book symbol Smith, J. A. (1995). Semi-structured interview and qualitative analysis. In J. A. Smith, R. Harre & L. Langenhove (Eds.), Rethinking Methods in Psychology (pp. 9-26). London: Sage.

Book symbol Smith, J. A. (2003) Qualitative Psychology: A practical guide to research methods. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: Sage.

Book symbol Tesch, R. (1990). Qualitative research - analysis types and software tools. London: Falmer.

Book symbol Wolcott, H. F. (1994). Transforming Qualitative Data: Description, Analysis, and Interpretation. London: Sage.

Starting points

Website symbol Qual Page. Resources for Qualitative Research http://www.qualitativeresearch.uga.edu/QualPage/index.html

Good introduction

Book symbol Miller, R.L. and Brewer, J. D. (2003) The A-Z of Social Research - A Dictionary of Key Social Science Research Concepts, Sage Publications, London.

Good introduction to methodologies and how to do them.

Website symbol Intute (2010) Qualitative Methods. An online catalogue directing you to the best resources for research and learning.
Available online at: http://www.intute.ac.uk/cgi-bin/browse.pl?id=120997

Website symbol Trochim, W.M. (2002) Research Methods Knowledge Base
Available online at: http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/index.htm

Website symbol Kerlins, B (2004) The Qualitative Research Site.
Available online at: http://kerlins.net/bobbi/research/qualresearch/

Sadly, as of January 2010 this site seem to be inoperative.

Website symbol Qualitative Methods Workbook
Professor George Boeree, of the Psychology Department, Shippensburg University, Pennsylvania, has produced this ' "e-text"...for the college course Qualitative Research Methods'. It consists of 20 short chapters and a bibliography divided into 5 parts (introduction & description, structural analysis, observation, interviewing, other techniques). Although the site breaks the rules of good Web design by presenting screen after screen of unrelieved text, the content itself is enriched by a mass of case studies and examples. At the end of the text, there are several links to related sites, and some further 'phenomenological sketches'.
http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/qualmeth.html

Website symbol Electronic Resources for Research Methods
A site maintained by T.D. Wilson, PhD, Professor Emeritus, University of Sheffield, UK. But last updated 6th February, 2006. Effectively a database of references on research methods with serveral sections on qualitative methods.

Journal symbol The Association for Qualitative Research
The journal has back issues freely available online and there are some software and many book reviews available via the journal-links.
http://www.latrobe.edu.au/aqr/

Journal symbol Field Methods
(Formerly Cultural Anthropology Methods), Editor: H. Russell Bernard University of Florida
http://qualquant.net/FM/index.htm

For scholars, students and professionals who do fieldwork
• Important refereed articles
• Descriptions of methological advances
• Advice on the use of specific field techniques
• Help with both qualitative and quantitative methods
• Essays and think pieces
• Book and software reviews -- all the tools necessary for those who conduct fieldwork

Field Methods, a refereed journal, publishes articles on methods for studying human thought and human behaviour. Research articles show the development of new methods and new technologies or new uses for existing methods. The Short Takes section contains articles with handy tips for working in the field. Field Methods also publishes reviews of books and software, and think pieces addressing key theoretical issues. It embraces both qualitative and quantitative methods in scientific and interpretive paradigms and the journal operates under the motto "methods belong to all of us."

Journal symbol Qualitative Research
http://www.sagepub.com/journal.aspx?pid=280

Editors: Paul Atkinson, Sara Delamont, Cardiff University, UK

Qualitative Research provides a forum for the discussion of research methods, in particular qualitative research, across the social sciences and cultural studies. The journal features papers with a methodological focus, discussed in relation to specific empirical studies and research problems and papers raising philosophical, theoretical, historical or ideological debates about qualitative research.

Research based on qualitative methods, and methodological commentary on such research, have expanded exponentially in the past decades. This is the case across a number of disciplines including sociology, social anthropology, health and nursing, education, cultural studies, human geography, social and discursive psychology, and discourse studies. As the degree of internet in qualitative research is global, the scope of the journal is international as well as interdisciplinary, capitalizing on the current popularity of qualitative research methods across all of the social and cultural disciplines.

Electronic journal symbol Sociological Research Online
http://www.soc.surrey.ac.uk/socresonline/
This online journal has published several articles on qualitative methods, including some key ones on CAQDAS. These include:

Electronic journal symbol Barry, C. A. (1998). Choosing Qualitative Data Analysis Software: Atlas.ti and Nudist Compared. Sociological Research Online, 3. http://www.socresonline.org.uk/socresonline/3/3/4.html

Electronic journal symbol Coffey, A, Holbrook, B and Atkinson, P. (1996)  “Qualitative data analysis: technologies and representations”. Sociological Research Online, 1(1). http://www.soc.surrey.ac.uk/socresonline/1/1/4.html

Electronic journal symbol Kelle, U. (1997)  “Theory building in Qualitative Research and Computer Programs for the Management of Textual Data”. Sociological Research Online, 2(2). http://www.socresonline.org.uk/socresonline/2/2/1.html

Electronic journal symbol Lee, R. M., & Fielding, N. (1996). Qualitative Data Analysis: Representations of a Technology: A Comment on Coffey, Holbrook and Atkinson. Sociological Research Online, 1(4). http://www.soc.surrey.ac.uk/socresonline/1/4/lf.html

Electronic journal symbol MacMillan, K and McLachlan, S. (1999) “Theory-Building with NUD.IST: Using Computer Assisted Qualitative Analysis in a Media Case Study”. Sociological Research Online, 4(2), http://www.socresonline.org.uk/4/2/macmillan_mclachlan.html

Electronic journal symbol Forum: Qualitative Sozialforschung/Social Research
http://qualitative-research.net/fqs/fqs-eng.htm
This German, English, Spanish online journal has themed editions and also publishes individual papers on qualitative methods.

Relevant recent articles include:

Electronic journal symbol Crawford, H K, Leybourne, M L and Arnott, A. (2000)  “How we Ensured Rigour from a Multi-site, Multi-discipline, Multi-researcher Study”. Forum: Qualitative Sozialforschung/Social Research, 1(1), http://www.qualitative-research.net/fqs-texte/1-00/1-00crawfordetal-e.htm

Electronic journal symbol Moes, J. (2000)  “From Text- to Hypertext-analysis: Consequences for Qualitative Research”. Forum: Qualitative Sozialforschung/Social Research, 1(1), http://www.qualitative-research.net/fqs-texte/1-00/1-00moes-e.htm

Electronic journal symbol The Qualitative Report
http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/
Contains short sections on The Qualitative Report Article of the Week, Qualitative Research Resource of the Week (OnlineQDA featured in the first issue), Teaching and Learning Qualitative Research, The Weekly Review of books, software, and journals relevant to qualitative researchers, New and Notable Qualitative Research Articles, Qualitative Research Employment Openings, and Coming Events

Electronic journal symbol The Weekly Qualitative Report
http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/WQR/
A peer-reviewed, open access journal published by Nova Southeastern University.

Journal symbol Qualitative Inquiry
http://www.sagepub.com/journal.aspx?pid=54

Journal symbol International Journal of Social Research Methodology
http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/13645579.asp

Journal symbol Qualitative Health Research
http://www.ualberta.ca/~qhr/

Qualitative Discussion Forums

Discussion list symbolQUALRS-L is both an e-mail discussion list and a member of the Usenet newsgroup community. Discussions involve all facets of qualitative research. There is a large archive of past messages and discussions.
http://www.listserv.uga.edu/archives/qualrs-l.html

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Quality of qualitative research

Book symbol Altheide, D L and Johnson, J M (1994) “Criteria for assessing interpretive validity in qualitative research” in N. K. Denzin and Y. S. Lincoln (eds.) (1994) Handbook of Qualitative Research, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 485-99.

Journal symbol Armstrong, D., & al., e. (1997). The place of inter-rater reliability in qualitative research: An empirical study. Sociology, 31 (3), 597-606.

Journal symbol Bloor, M. (1978) On the analysis of observational data: a discussion of the worth and uses of inductive techniques and respondent validation. Sociology, 12 (3) 545-57.

Book symbol Bloor, M. (1997) Techniques of validation in qualitative research: A critical commentary, in Miller, G. and Dingwall, R. (Eds.), Context and Method in Qualitative Research. London: Sage. pp. 37-50.

pdf icon Bourdon, S. (2000) Inter-Coder Reliability Verification Using QSR NUD*IST – a paper delivered at the Strategies In Qualitative Research conference in September 2000 at the Institute of Education, London.
Available online at: http://www.qsrinternational.com/resources/pdfs/BourdonIntercoder.pdf

Journal symbol Flick, U. (1992). Triangulation revisited: Strategy of or alternative to validation of qualitative data. Journal of Theory of Social Behavior, 22, 175-197.

Book symbol Hammersley, M. (1992) What’s wrong with ethnography? London: Routledge. See chapter 5, The Generalisability of Ethnography.

Journal symbol Johnson, R.B. (1997). Examining the validity structure of qualitative research. Education, Vol.118 (2), 282-292.

Book symbol Kirk, J and Miller, M (1986) Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research, Newbury Park: Sage.

Book symbol Kvale, S (1989) Issues of Validity in Qualitative Research, Lund: Studentlitteratur.

Movie icon Lecture by Cathy Cassell (Manchester Business School) on What is Quality in Qualitative Research? (32 mins with slides).

Journal symbol Maxwell, J. A. (1992). Understanding and Validity in Qualitative Research. Harvard Educational Review, 62(3), 279-300.

Journal symbol Morse, J M. (1997) ''Perfectly healthy, but dead''- The myth of inter-rater reliability. Qualitative Health Research, 7(4), pp. 445-447.

Journal symbol Morse, J M. (1999) Qualitative generalizability. Qualitative Health Research, 9(1), pp. 5-6.

Journal symbol Peck, E and Seeker, E. (1999)  “Quality criteria for qualitative research- Does context make a difference?”. Qualitative Health Research, 9(4), pp. 552-558.

Book symbol Seale, C. (1999). The Quality of Qualitative Research. London: Sage.

Website symbol Spencer, L. Ritchie, J. Lewis, J. and Dillon, L. (National Centre for Social Research) (2003) Quality in Qualitative Evaluation: A framework for assessing research evidence.
London: Government Chief Social Researcher’s Office, The Cabinet Office. http://www.strategy.gov.uk/downloads/su/qual/index.htm

pdf icon Murphy, E. Dingwall, R. Greatbatch, D. Parker, S. and Watson, P (1998) Qualitative research methods in health technology assessment: a review of the literature. Health Technology Assessment. 2 (16)
Available online as a PDF at: http://www.hta.nhsweb.nhs.uk/fullmono/mon216.pdf

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R

Research Diary

Website symbol Hughes, I. (1996) How to keep a research diary, Action Research Electronic Reader.
Available online at: http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/gcm/ar/arr/arow/rdiary.html

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Research Methods

Website symbol Project GOLD (2000) Research Methods Glossary.
Available online at: http://www.bath.ac.uk/e-learning/gold/glossary.html#glossary

Website symbol Stephenson, M.S. (2004) RESEARCH METHODS RESOURCES ON THE WWW
Available online at: http://www.slais.ubc.ca/resources/research_methods/index.htm

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S

Software

For videos and other tutorial packages on how to use specific software, see the 'How to...' pages on this site.

 

Electronic journal symbol Alexa, M. and Zuell, C. (1999) A review of text analysis software. ZUMA Nachrichten Spezial 5. ZUMA: Mannheim.
Available online at: http://www.gesis.org/Publikationen/Zeitschriften/ZUMA_Nachrichten_spezial/index.htm#zn-5

Electronic journal symbol Barry, C. A. (1998). Choosing Qualitative Data Analysis Software: Atlas/ti and Nudist Compared. Sociological Research Online, 3.

Book symbol Bazeley, P. (2007) Qualitative Data Analysis with NVivo. London: Sage. Covers NVivo version 7.

Book symbol Bazeley, P & Richards L. (2000) The NVivo Qualtitative Project Book. London: Sage.

Book symbol Burgess, R G (1995) Computing and qualitative research, Greenwich: JAI Press.

Book symbol Coffey, A. and Atkinson, P (1996) Making sense of qualitative data: complementary research strategies, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California.

Fielding, N. (1994). “Getting into computer-aided qualitative data analysis”. ESRC Data Archive Bulletin, 57.

Journal symbol Fielding, N and Lee, R (1997) 'Applications of computer software in the sociological analysis of qualitative data', Bulletin de Methodologie Sociologue, 57, 3-24.

Book symbol Fielding, N., & Lee, R. M. (1991). Using computers in qualitative research. Newbury Park, London: Sage.

Fielding, N., & Lee, R. M. (1995). “The Hypertext facility in qualitative analysis software”. ESRC Data Archive Bulletin.

Book symbol Fielding, N. G., & Lee, R. L. (1998). Computer Analysis and Qualitative Research. London: Sage.

Book symbol Fischer, M. D. (1994). Applications in computing for social anthropologists. London: Routledge.

Book symbol Fisher, M (1997) Qualitative Computing: Using software for Qualitative Data Analysis. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Electronic journal symbol Friese, Susanne, Gibbs, Graham, and Mangabeira, Wilma C. (Eds) Using Technology in the Qualitative Research Process. Forum of Qualitative Social Research, 3 (2) May 2002.
On-line Journal: http:/www.qualitative-research.net

Book symbol Gahan, C and Hannibal, M (1997) Doing Qualitative Research using QSR NUD.IST, London: Sage.

Book symbol Gibbs, G R (2002) Qualitative Data Analysis: Explorations with NVivo. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Book symbol Gibbs, G.R. (2007) Analyzing qualitative data. London: Sage. Part of the Qualitative Research Kit, ed. U. Flick. The last three chapters cover software use, focussing on Atlas.ti, NVivo and MaxQDA.

Book symbol Greenstein, D (1994) A historian's guide to computing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Journal symbol Hesse-Beiber S, Dupuis P & Kinder S (1991) 'HyperRESEARCH: a computer program for the analysis of Qualitative Data with an emphasis on Hypothesis testing and multimedia analysis' Qualitative Sociology 14 4:289-306

Journal symbol Hesse-Beiber S & Dupuis P (2000) 'Testing Hypotheses on Qualitative Data: The use of HyperRESEARCH Computer-Assisted Software', Social Science Computer Review 18(3) 320-328

Journal symbol Hong, L. (1984) 'List processing free responses: analysis of open-ended questions with word processors' Qualitative Sociology, 7(1,2) 98-109

pdf icon Kelle, Udo (1997) "Computer Assisted Analysis of Qualitative Data". Paper prepared for the Discussion paper series of the LSE Methodology Institute

Book symbol Kelle, U. (1995). Computer-aided qualitative data analysis: theory, methods and practice: Sage Publications, London.

Kelle, U. (1997a). Capabilities for Theory Building & Hypothesis Testing in Software for Computer Aided Qualitative Data Analysis. Data Archive Bulletin, 65.

Website symbol Kerlins, B (2004) Research Software.
Available online at: http://kerlins.net/bobbi/research/qualresearch/researchware.html

Website symbol Klein, H (2005) Text Analysis Info: QDA Software.
Available online at: http://www.textanalysis.info/qualitative.htm

Website symbol König, T., CAQDAS - A primer
http://www.lboro.ac.uk/research/mmethods/research/software/caqdas_primer.html#what

Book symbol Kuckartz, U (2001) An Introduction to the computer analysis of qualitative data, Sage

Journal symbol La Pelle N (2004) 'Simplifying Qualitative Data Analysis using general purpose software tools', Field Methods 16(1) 85-108

Book symbol Lewins A (2001) CAQDAS: Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis In: (ed) N. Gilbert Researching Social Life (2nd ed), Sage London

Book symbol Ann Lewins & Christina Silver (2007) Using Software in Qualitative Research: A Step-by-Step Guide, Sage Publications, London. Contains step-by-step guides for NVivo 7, Atlas.ti v 5.5 and MAXQDA 2007.

Journal symbol MacMillan K & Koenig T (2004) The wow factor: preconceptions and expectations for data analysis software in qualitative research, Social Science Computer Review 22(2) 179-186

Journal symbol Mangabeira, W. C., Lee, R. and Fielding, N. Computers and Qualitative Research: Adoption, Use and Representation. Social Science Computer Review. 22 (2) Forthcoming, 2004.

Book symbol Mangabeira, Wilma C. Qualitative Sociology and Computer Programs. Trend Report. Current Sociology. Editor and contributor. International Sociological Association and Sage Publications: London. 1996.

Journal symbol Muhr, T. (1991) Atlas-ti - A protoype for the support of text interpretation. Qualitative Sociology, 14(4), pp. 349-71.

Journal symbol Northey Jr, W F. (1997)  Using QSR NUD*IST to Demonstrate Confirmability in Qualitative Research. Family Science Review, 10( 2), pp. 170-179.

Journal symbol Padilla, R. (1991)  Using Computers to Develop Conceptual Models. Qualitative Sociology, 14(3), pp. 263-74.

Book symbol Pfaffenberger, B. (1988). Microcomputer applications in qualitative research: Sage.

Book symbol Reid, A O (1992) Computer Management Strategies for Text Data, in B. F. Crabtree and W. L. Miller (Eds.) (1992) Doing Qualitative Research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, pp.

Book symbol Richards, L (1995) Transition Work! Reflections on a three-year NUD*IST project, in R. G. Burgess (Ed.) (1995) Computing and Qualitative Research. (Vol.  5). Greenwich: Jai Press, Inc, pp. 105-140.

Journal symbol Richards, L. (1997)  User's mistake as developer's challenge- Designing the new NUD*IST. Qualitative Health Research, 7(3), pp. 425-433.

Journal symbol Richards, L. (1998)  Closeness to data- The changing goals of qualitative data handling. Qualitative Health Research, 8(3), pp. 319-328.

Journal symbol Richards, L (1999) Data alive! The thinking behind NVivo, Qualitative Health Research, Vol.9, 3, pp. 412-428.

Book symbol Richards, L and Richards, T (1994) From Filing Cabinet to Computer, in A. Bryman and R. G. Burgess (Eds.) (1994) Analyzing Qualitative Data. London: Routledge, pp. 146-172.

Book symbol Richards, T and Richards, L (1994) Using computers in qualitative analysis. In: Denzin, N.K. and Lincoln, Y.S. (Eds.) (1994) Handbook of Qualitative Research,  Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California. p. 448

Book symbol Richards, T and Richards, L (1995) Using Hierarchical Categories in Qualitative Data Analysis, In: U. Kelle (Ed.) (1995) Computer-Aided Qualitative Data Analysis. London: Sage, pp.

Journal symbol Rodgers, B. (1995) Nud.ist Software for Qualitative Data Analysis, Management Learning, Vol 26, No.3, pp.367-370.

Journal symbol Rodgers B (1998) Teaching computer-assisted qualitative data analysis to new users: NUD*IST demonstrations and workshops, Health Informatics Journal 4, 63-71.

Journal symbol Ryan G (2004) Using a word processor to tag and retrieve blocks of text, Field Methods 16(1) 109-130.

Book symbol Seale, C F (1999) Using computers to analyse qualitative data, in D. Silverman (Ed.) (1999) Doing Qualitative Research: A Practical Handbook. London: Sage, pp.

Book symbol Weaver, A., & Atkinson, P. (1994). Microcomputing and qualitative data analysis. Aldershot: Avebury.

Book symbol Weitzman, E.A., & Miles, M.B. (1995). Computer Programs for Qualitative Data Analysis: A Software Source Book. Thousand Oaks: Sage

Choosing a package

Fielding, N. (1995). Choosing the Right Software Package. ESRC Data Archive Bulletin.

pdf icon Friese, S. (2004) Software Overview
Available online as a PDF at: http://www.quarc.de/software_overview_table.pdf
A very useful table comparing 6 software packages, updated in 2004.

pdf icon Lewins, A. and Silver, C. (2004) Choosing a CAQDAS Package - A working paper by Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
Available online as a PDF at: http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk/Choosing%20a%20CAQDAS%20package%20-%20Lewins&Silver.pdf

Website symbol König, T., CAQDAS Comparison / Methodological Affinities
http://www.lboro.ac.uk/research/mmethods/research/software/caqdas_comparison_method
.html

Journal symbol Lewis B (2004) NVivo 2.0 and Atlas.ti 5.0: A Comparative Review of Two Popular Qualitative Data-Analysis Programs, Field Methods, 16 (4) pp. 439-469.

Marshall, H. (2002) Horses for courses: Facilitating postgraduate students' choice of Computer assisted Qualitative data analysis Systems (CAQDAS), Contemporary Nurse, 13:1, August, pp 29-37.
Available online at: http://www.contemporarynurse.com/13.1/13-1p29.htm

Website symbol Text Analysis Info - Information retrieval software
http://www.textanalysis.info/inforet.htm

Website symbol Quantitative Text Analysis Programs
http://academic.csuohio.edu/kneuendorf/content/cpuca/qtap.htm

Inter-coder Reliability

pdf icon Bourdon, S. (2000) Inter-Coder Reliability Verification Using QSR NUD*IST – a paper delivered at the Strategies In Qualitative Research conference in September 2000 at the Institute of Education, London.
Available online at: http://www.qsrinternational.com/resources/pdfs/BourdonIntercoder.pdf

Literature review in CAQDAS

pdf icon di Gregorio, S. (2000) Using NVivo for your Literature Review. Papar presented at: Strategies in Qualitative Research: Issues and Results from Analysis using QSR NVivo and Nud*ist, conference at the Institute of Education, London - 29-30 Sepetember.
Available online as a PDF at:
http://www.sdgassociates.com/mainframe.html

pdf icon Hansen, J.J. (1999) Using qualitative computer analysis to inform your literature search when the literature is only vaguely relevant - A case study on the training needs of school governors. Paper Presented At Inaugural Conference Of Association For Qualitative Research, Melbourne, July 14 – 17.
Available online at: http://www.qsrinternational.com/resources/pdfs/JHansen.pdf

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Software developers

See also the pages on the software available to support QDA. (What packages are available?)

Website symbol AnnoTape
http://www.annotape.com/

Website symbol Atlas.ti
http://www.atlasti.de/

Website symbol HyperRESEARCH and HyperTRANSCRIBE
http://www.researchware.com

Website symbol MAXqda
http://www.maxqda.com/maxqda-eng/index.htm

Website symbol N6 and NVivo
http://www.qsrinternational.com/

Website symbol QDA Miner
http://www.simstat.com/QDAMiner.htm

Website symbol Qualrus
http://www.ideaworks.com/Qualrus.shtml

Website symbol Transana
http://www2.wcer.wisc.edu/Transana

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Software discussion forums

Discussion list symbol Atlas.ti email list provides peer-to-peer support: to exchange experiences with the tool, discuss technical and methodological issues that arise with the use of the program.
http://www.listserv.dfn.de/archives/atlas-ti.html

Scientific Software (the writers of Atlas.ti) now run a web based forum for users. This has taken over from the e-mail list although the list is still active. The Forum is the best place to go for issues about the use of the software. http://forum.atlasti.com/

Discussion list symbol hyperres-l is an email list devoted to discussions of the use of HyperRESEARCH in qualitative data analysis. ResearchWare, Inc. staff also monitor the list to answer any technical support and similar questions.
http://www.researchware.com/support/hyperres-l.html

Discussion list symbol MAXqda web based forum. This provides peer-to-peer support about experiences with the software and discusions of technical and methodological issues that arise from its use.
http://www.maxqda.com/support/forum/

Discussion list symbol Q-Forum is a Qualrus user forum. However, the link is broken and there seem to have been no posts since 2006. Use the blog or twitter instead.

Ideasworks, the publisher of Qualrus has a blog at http://blog.ideaworks.com/

Ideaworks has a Twitter account. You can view it by going to www.twitter.com/ideaworks

Discussion list symbol The QSR Forum allows visitors to access a wealth of information - from the latest thinking in qualitative research, to innovations in QSR software (NVivo, N6 and XSight) and its use.
It brings together qualitative researchers and users of QSR software products from around the world, including commentators, developers, distributors and teachers.
http://forums.qsrinternational.com/

Discussion list symbol Qual-Software is an academic discusssion list to provide an on-line forum for debate and information concerning the general usage of qualitative data analysis software packages. http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/qual-software.html

Discussion list symbol Transana discussion board for talking about ideas and issues related to the use of Transana,
http://transana.wceruw.org/forum/

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Symbolic interactionism

Website symbol SSSI - Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction. (Also contains some participatory research/ethnography information).

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Systematic Reviews and meta analysis

Journal symbol Popay, J and Mallinson, S () 'Qualitative Research Review and Synthesis' in Bourgeault, I., Dingwall, P.R. & Vries, R.D., 2010. The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Methods in Health Research, Sage Publications Ltd.  
Book symbol Noblit, G.W. & Hare, R...D., 1988. Meta-Ethnography: Synthesizing Qualitative Studies, Sage Publications, Inc.  
Book symbol Paterson, B.L. et al., 2001. Meta-Study of Qualitative Health Research: A Practical Guide to Meta-Analysis and Meta-Synthesis, Sage Publications, Inc.  
Book symbol Petticrew, M. & Roberts, H., 2006. Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences: A Practical Guide, Malden, Mass. ; Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.  
Book symbol Pope, C., Mays, N. & Popay, J., 2007. Synthesizing Qualitative and Quantitative Health Research: A Guide to Methods 1st ed., Open University Press.  
Book symbol Sandelewski, M. & Barroso, J., 2007. Handbook for Synthesizing Qualitative Research 1st ed., Springer Publishing Co Inc.  

Book symbol Littell, J.H., Corcoran, J. & Pillai, V., 2008. Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis, OUP USA.

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T

Teaching qualitative data analysis and qualitative research

Website symbol TQRMUL Dataset Teaching Resources. Contains audio and video of five interviews with undergraduate students (i.e. ‘Shazia’, ‘Alexander’, ‘Louise’, ‘Trevor’ and ‘Deborah’) on the subject of friendship. They are designed to enable both immediate play and download options. They are intended to support the teaching of qualitative research methods and are free to download and use. Transcripts using Jeffersonian and Playscript conventions for each interview are also provided.

The resources were developed by the TQRMUL working group and funded by the Higher Education Academy Psychology Network.

Electronic journal symbol pdf icon Goussinsky, R., Reshef, A., Yanay-Ventura, G., & Yassour-Borochowitz, D. (2011). Teaching Qualitative Research for Human Services Students: A Three-Phase Model. Qualitative Report, 16(1), 126-146.

Journal symbol Garner, M., Wagner, C., & Kawulich, B. (Eds.). (2009). Teaching Research Methods in the Social Sciences. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Group.

Journal symbol Hammersley, M. (2004). Teaching qualitative method: craft, profession, or bricolage? In C. Seale, G. Gobo, J. F. Gubrium & D. Silverman (Eds.), Qualitative Research Practice (pp. 549-560). London: Sage.

Journal symbol Blank, G. (2004). Teaching Qualitative Data Analysis to Graduate Students. Social Science Computer Review, 22(2), 187-196.

Electronic journal symbol Carvajal, D. (2002). The Artisan's Tools. Critical Issues When Teaching and Learning CAQDAS. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 3(2), [np].

Journal symbol Stalp, M. C., & Grant, L. (2001). Teaching Qualitative Coding in Undergraduate Field Method Classes: An Exercise Based on Personal Ads. Teaching Sociology, 29(2), 209-218.

Journal symbol Rodgers, B. L. (1998). Teaching Computer-aided qualitative data analysis through demonstrations and workshops. Health Informatics, 4, 63-71.

Journal symbol Webb, E. J., & Glesne, C. (1992). Teaching qualitative research. In M. D. LeCompte, W. L. Millroy & J. Preissle (Eds.), The handbook of qualitative research methods in education (pp. 771-859). New York: Academic Press.

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Teamwork

Journal symbol Barry, C. A., Britten, N., Barber, N., Bradley, C., & Stevenson, F. (1999) Using Relexivity to Optimize Teamwork in Qualitative Research, Qualitative Health Research, Vol.9, 1, pp. 26-44.

Book symbol Bartunek, J M and Louis, M R (1996) Insider/Outsider Team Research. London: Sage.

Book symbol Burgess, R, Pole, C J, Evans, K and Priestley, C (1994) “Four studies from one or one study from four? Multi-site case study research”, in A. Bryman and R. Burgess (Eds.) (1994) Analyzing Qualitative Data. London: Routledge, pp. 129-145.

Comments: Useful for how different case studies of different teaching environments feed into to each other to enable a whole thematic cross case analysis. Mostly detail about selecting the sample and the findings, nothing about the practicalities of working as a team.

Book symbol Erickson, K and Stull, D (1997) Doing Team Ethnography : Warnings and Advice. London: Sage.

Electronic journal symbol Ford, K. Oberski, I. and Higgins, S. (2000) Computer-Aided Qualitative Analysis of Interview Data: Some Recommendations for Collaborative Working, The Qualitative Report, Volume 4, Numbers 3 & 4, March.
Available online at: http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR4-3/oberski.html

Website symbol Gilbert, L & di Gregorio S (2004) Team Research with QDA Software: Promises and Pitfalls, Fifth International Strategies in Qualitative Research Conference, University of Durham, Durah, England, 1-3 September.
Available online at: http://www.dur.ac.uk/strategies.conference/index_new_files/PPS-Gilbert%20Gregorio.ppt

Journal symbol Liggett, A.M., Glesne, C.E., Johnston, A.P., Hasazi, S.B. & Schattman, R.A. (1994) Teaming in qualitative research: lessons learned. Qualitative Studies in Education , Vol 7 No. 1.

Journal symbol MacQueen, K.M., McLellan, E., Kay, K., Milstein, B. (1999). Codebook Development for Team-Based Qualitative Analysis. Cultural Anthropology Methods Vol. 10 (No.2) pp.31-36.

Journal symbol Martínez-Salgado, C. (1999) Unexpected Findings of a Female Team in Xochimilco, Mexico, Qualitative Health Research, Vol.9, 1, pp. 11-25.

Book symbol Olesen, V, Droes, N, Hatton, D, Chico, N and Schatzman, L (1994) “Analyzing together: recollections of a team approach”, in A. Bryman and R. Burgess (Eds.) (1994) Analyzing Qualitative Data. London: Routledge, pp. 111-128.

Comments: Mostly detail about the methodological approach, very little about the practicalities of working as a team.

Journal symbol Richards, L (1999) Qualitative teamwork- Making it work, Qualitative Health Research, Vol.9, 1, pp. 7-10.

Journal symbol Tishelman, C., Forss, A., Sachs, L., Lundgren, E., Widmark, C., & Törnberg, S. (1999) Research on Risk and Risk in Research: Theoretical and Practical Experiences From Multidisciplinarey Study on Cervical Cancer Screening in Urban Sweden, Qualitative Health Research, Vol.9, 1, pp. 45-60.

Book symbol Trip-Reimer, T., Sorofman, B., Peters, J., & Waterman.J. (1994). Research teams: Possibilities and pitfalls in collaborative qualitative research. In: J.M. Morse (Ed.), Critical issues in qualitative research methods (pp. 318-331). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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Template Analysis

Website symbol King, N (2004) Template analysis - What is Template Analysis?
Available on line at: http://www2.hud.ac.uk/hhs/research/template_analysis/

Book symbol King, N. (1998) Template Analysis, in G. Symon and C. Cassell (eds) Qualitative Methods and Analysis in Organizational Research. London: Sage. A very accessible template approach derived from a phenomenological and interpretivist position.

Book symbol King, N (2004) Using templates in the thematic analysis of text, in C.Cassell and G.Symon (Eds.) Essential Guide to Qualitative Methods in Organizational Research. London: Sage.

Videos

Movie icon A Video Interview with Prof Nigel King about Template analysis. (29th Nov 2009.)

 

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Transcription

Electronic journal symbol Evers, Jeanine C. (2011). From the Past into the Future. How Technological Developments Change Our Ways of Data Collection, Transcription and Analysis [94 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 12(1), Art. 38, http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1101381.

Electronic journal symbol Markle, D. Thomas; West, Richard E. & Rich, Peter J. (2011). Beyond Transcription: Technology, Change, and Refinement of Method [49 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 12(3), Art. 21, http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1103216.

Website symbol Realities Project. Toolkit 08: Transcribing your own qualitative data. Hazel Burke, Lisa Jenkins and Victoria Higham, May 2010

Journal symbol A short paper on mini-disc recorders is, Given, L. M. (2004). Mini-disc recorders: 'A new approach for qualitative interviewing'. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 3(2). Article 5. Retrieved 10.06.05 (pdf file)

Website symbol Some hints on transcription from a commercial transcription company.

Journal symbol Bird, Cindy M. (2005) 'How I Stopped Dreading and Learned to Love Transcription', Qualitative Inquiry, Volume 11 Number 2, 226-248

Journal symbol Green, J., Franquiz, M., & Dixon, C. (1997). The myth of the objective transcript: Transcribing as a situated act. TESOL Quarterly, 31, 172-176.

Journal symbol Lapadat J & Lindsay A (1999) 'Transcription in Research and Practice : from standardisation of technique to interpretive positionings' Qualitative Inquiry 5(1) 64-86

Journal symbol Poland, B. (1995). Transcription quality as an aspect of rigor in qualitative research. Qualitative Inquiry, 1, 290-311.

Journal symbol Roberts, C. (1997). Transcribing talk: Issues of representation. TESOL Quarterly, 31, 167-171.

Journal symbol Tilley, S. A. (2003a). “Challenging” research practices: Turning a critical lens on the work of transcription. Qualitative Inquiry, 9(5), 750-773.

Journal symbol Tilley, S. A. (2003b). Transcription work: Learning through co-participation in research practices. QSE: International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 16(5).

Book symbol Kvale, Steinar & Brinkman, Svend (2009). Interviews: Learning the craft of qualitative research interviewing (2nd ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Electronic journal symbol Skukauskaite, Audra (2012). Transparency in Transcribing: Making Visible Theoretical Bases Impacting Knowledge Construction from Open-Ended Interview Records [66 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 13(1), Art. 14,
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1201146

 

Transcription and CAQDAS

Website symbol Lewins A (1998) ' Transcribing Evaluation data ' in Harvey J. (Ed) Evaluation Cookbook Online , Learning Technology Dissemination Initiative, Herriot Watt Edinburgh. N.B. if you are using recent versions of the software, this may advice may be out of date.

 

Transcription technology (software and recorders)

Book symbol See the chapter by Branley in Branley, D. (2004) Making and Managing Audio Recordings. In: Researching Society and Culture. Second Ed. C. F. Seale. London, Sage.

Journal symbol Anderson, J F (1998) “Transcribing with voice recognition software- A new tool for qualitative researchers” Qualitative Health Research, Vol.8, 5, pp. 718-723.

pdf icon Stockdale, A. (2003) 'An Approach to Recording, Transcribing, and Preparing Audio Data for Qualitative Data Analysis', Education Development Center, Inc.

Journal symbol For a short article in using voice recogniton software in transcription see: Julie Park, A. Echo Zeanah. An evaluation of voice recognition software for use in interview-based research: a research note . Qualitative Research, Volume 5, Number 2 (August 2005), pp. 245-251.

Website symbol For a short overview of digital recording and recording equipment see the article, "Tools for Digital Audio Recording in Qualitative Research" by Alan Stockdale in Social Research Update. This is a 2002 review of the technology.

pdf icon A paper from a recent conference by Duncan Branley, "Transcribing Interviews and Focus Groups with Transcriber, Importing into NVivo and Initial Autocoding" (PDF format).

Website symbol More information on transcription software.

Website symbol More information on digital recording and digital recorders.

Website symbol Audiotranskription. This is a company specialising in transcription issues. The site includes some excellent reviews of recorders and free software for supporting the transcription of files using a Mac or PC.

 

Software

HyperTRANSCRIBE

Transcriber 1.4.2

Express Scribe Transcription Playback Software

Dragon Naturally Speaking. - (Version for Macintosh)

IBM ViaVoice

f4 Free transcription software for audio and video recordings

 

Transcription in conversation analysis

Website symbol An introductory tutorial in Conversation Analysis by Charles Antaki contains a detailed example (with original video recording) of transcribing for conversation analysis.

Book symbol Atkinson, J. M., & Heritage, J. (1984).Transcript notation. In J. M. Atkinson & J. Heritage (Eds.), Structures of social action (pp. ix-xvi). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Book symbol DuBois, J.W., Schuetze-Coburn, S., Cumming, S., & Paolino, D. (1993). Outline of discourse transcription. In J. A.Edwards & M.D. Lampert (Eds.), Talking data:Transcription and coding in discourse research (pp. 45-90). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Book symbol Edwards, J. A. (1993). Principles and contrasting systems of discourse transcription. In J. A. Edwards & M. D. Lampert (Eds.), Talking data: Transcription and coding in discourse research (pp. 3-32). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Book symbol Edwards, J. A., & Lampert, M. D. (Eds.). (1993). Talking data: Transcription and coding in discourse research. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Book symbol Jefferson, G. (Ed.). (1992). Lectures on conversation (Vol. 1). Oxford,UK: Basil Blackwell.

Journal symbol Psathas, G. T., & Anderson, M. (1990). The “practices” of transcription in conversation analysis. Semiotica, 78, 75-99.

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V

Video analysis

Journal symbol Morse, J. M., & Pooler, C. (2002). Analysis of videotaped data: Methodological considerations. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 1(4). Article 3. Retrieved 4th Jan 2006 from http://www.ualberta.ca/~ijqm.

http://www.ualberta.ca/~iiqm/backissues/1_4Final/html/concepts5.html

Website symbolpdf icon Ratcliff, Don (n.d.) Video and Audio Media in Qualitative Research. Booklet available as pdf of each chapter. Chapter 6 covers transcription and analysis.

Book symbol Corsten, Michael, Melanie Krug, and Christine Moritz. Videographie praktizieren: Herangehensweisen, Möglichkeiten und Grenzen. 1st ed. Vs Verlag, 2010. In German

Book symbol Kissmann, Ulrike Tikvah. Video Interaction Analysis: Methods and Methodology. 1st ed. Peter Lang Publishing, 2009.
Book symbol Knoblauch, Hubert, Bernt Schnettler, and Jurgen Raab. Video Analysis-Methodology and Methods: Qualitative Audiovisual Data Analysis in Sociology. 2nd ed. Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien: Peter Lang Publishing, 2009.

Book symbol Heath, C., Hindmarsh, J., and Luff, P. (2010) Video in qualitative research: Analysing social interaction in everyday life. London: Sage.

pdf icon Jewitt, C (2012) An Introduction to Using Video for Research. NCRM Discussion Paper. n/a. (Unpublished)

Website symbol Barron, B. and ENGLE, R. (2007) Analyzing Data Derived From Video Records in Derry, S. (ed) Guidelines For Video Research In Education: Recommendations From An Expert Panel, Data Research and Development Center (NORC at the University of Chicago): 28-37

Website symbol Goldman, R., Erickson, F., Lemke, J. and Derry, S. (2007) Selection in video, in Derry, S. (ed) (2007) Guidelines For Video Research In Education: Recommendations From An Expert Panel, Data Research and Development Center (NORC at the University of Chicago): 19 - 27

Website symbol Hall, R. (2007) Strategies For Video Recording: in Derry, S. (ed) (2007) Guidelines For Research and Development Center (NORC at the University of Chicago) : 8-18

Electronic journal symbol Lomax, H. and Casey, N. (1998) 'Recording Social Life: Reflexivity and Video Methodology'. Sociological Research Online, vol. 3, no. 2. http://www.socresonline.org.uk/3/2/1.html

 

Visual analysis

Book symbol Alfonso, Ana Isabel, Laszlo Kurti, and Sarah Pink. Working Images: Visual Research and Representation in Ethnography. New Ed. Routledge, 2004.
Book symbol Banks, Dr Marcus. Using Visual Data in Qualitative Research. Sage Publications Ltd, 2008.
Book symbol Banks, Marcus. Visual Methods in Social Research. Sage Publications Ltd, 2001.
Book symbol Helmers, Marguerite. The Elements of Visual Analysis. 1st ed. Longman, 2005.
Book symbol Ingle, David J., and etc. Analysis of Visual Behaviour. MIT Press, 1982.
Book symbol Leeuwen, Theo Van, and Carey Jewitt. The Handbook of Visual Analysis. Sage Publications Ltd, 2000.
Book symbol Pink, Dr Sarah. Doing Visual Ethnography: Images, Media and Representation in Research. Second Edition. Sage Publications Ltd, 2006.
Book symbol Pink, Sarah. The Future of Visual Anthropology: Engaging the Senses. New edition. Routledge, 2005.
Book symbol Prosser, Jon. Image-based Research: A Sourcebook for Qualitative Researchers. 1st ed. Routledge, 1998.
Book symbol Rose, Dr Gillian. Visual Methodologies: An Introduction to the Interpretation of Visual Materials: An Introduction to the Interpretation of Visual Methods. Second Edition. Sage Publications Ltd, 2006.
Book symbol Stanczak, Gregory C. Visual Research Methods: Image, Society, and Representation. Sage Publications, Inc, 2007.
Book symbol Thomson, Pat. Doing Visual Research with Children and Young People. 1st ed. Routledge, 2008.

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W

Writing

Book symbol Hartley, J. (1989) 'Tools for evaluating text', in J. Hartley and A. Branthwaite (eds), The Applied Psychologist. Open University Press, Milton Keynes, England

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Writing up

Book symbol Barrass, R. (1978). Scientists Must Write: A Guide to Better Writing for Scientists and Engineers: Chapman and Hall.

Berry, R. (1986). How to Write a Research Paper: Pergamon.

Charmaz, Kathy (2008) Writing Qualitative Research. In: NCRM Research Methods Festival 2008.

Journal symbol Childress, H (1998) “Kinder Ethnographic Writing” Qualitative Inquiry, Vol.2, pp. 249-264.

Book symbol Collinson, D (Ed.) (1992) Plain English (2 ed.): Open University Press. Intended for students. Covers spelling, punctuation, grammar. Includes lots of questions and exercises.

Book symbol Cuba, L., & Cocking, J. (1997). How to write about the Social Sciences. London: Longman.

Book symbol Day, R. A. (1989). How to write and publish a scientific paper. Phoenix, Arizona: Oryx Press.

Book symbol Ellis, C and Bochner, A P (1996) Composing Ethnography : Alternative Forms of Qualitative Writing, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Book symbol Golden-Biddle, K (1997) Composing Qualitative Research: Crafting Theoretical Points from Qualitative Research. London: Sage.

Book symbol Higgs, J. (ed.) (1998). Writing qualitative research. Sydney: Hampden Press. See e.g. chapter by McAllister, L. ‘What constitutes good qualitative research writing in theses and papers?’

Book symbol Holliday, A. (2001) Doing and Writing Qualitative Research. London: Sage.

Book symbol Richardson, Laurel. 1990. Writing Strategies : Reaching Diverse Audiences. Newbury Park, London: Sage.

Book symbol Turabian, K. (1987). A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses and Dissertations: University of Chicago Press.

Book symbol van Leunen, M.-C. (1978). A handbook for scholars: Knopf.

Book symbol Wolcott, H. F. (1990). Writing up Qualitative Research. Newbury Park, London: Sage.

Book symbol Woodwark, J. (1992). How to run a paper mill. Writing technical papers and getting them published. Winchester, England: Information Geometers.

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